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DRPS : Course Catalogue : School of History, Classics and Archaeology : Postgraduate (History, Classics and Archaeology)

Postgraduate Course: Constantinople, the creation of 'the city of a world's desire' (330-565) (PGHC11333)

Course Outline
SchoolSchool of History, Classics and Archaeology CollegeCollege of Humanities and Social Science
Credit level (Normal year taken)SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate) AvailabilityAvailable to all students
SCQF Credits20 ECTS Credits10
SummaryAsia Minor was a major centre of classical urbanism and the creation of new imperial city on the shores of the Bosporus and Marmora fundamentally altered the urban dynamic of the Roman east. After the foundation of Constantine's New Rome in 330 many of the patterns of urban life were transformed and new civic institutions and structures emerged; Christianity flourished and the old pagan ways were suppressed. We will study both archaeological and textual sources for urban life including law codes and inscriptions and the structural evidence of great urban monuments: walls, churches and aqueducts. There will be particular attention to the evidence surviving from modern Istanbul and comparative evidence from the surviving classical cities and villages of Turkey. The course provides the opportunity to consider the problems of combining material evidence and text, within the topographical setting of a thriving modern city.
Course description The course will consider archaeological and textual sources for urban life in Constantinople and selected cities of Asia Minor from the fourth to the sixth centuries AD.
Lectures will include:
Historical and topographical sources for the foundation of Constantinople.
Written sources for the late antique city and later antiquarian rediscovery.
The material evidence for the fourth and fifth century city will include themes of:
Display and propaganda; Routes and passageways; Infrastructures; Palaces, Great Churches; and Defence.
The second part of the course will consider key cities: Ephesos. Sagalassos, Aphrodisias. Legal sources as a source for late antique urbanism
Urban transformation: case studies in the conversion of temples in to churches
Cities and countryside, brigandage and law and order in late antique cities
Alternative to urbanism: large villages in southern Asia Minor and Syria

Students will be expected to attend lectures, and also to participate in a specific graduate seminar run weekly focusing on specific problems and issues. Students can be expected to attempt to read published works in English and at least one other major European foreign language.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Pre-requisites Co-requisites
Prohibited Combinations Other requirements None
Information for Visiting Students
Course Delivery Information
Academic year 2014/15, Available to all students (SV1) Quota:  None
Course Start Semester 1
Timetable Timetable
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) Total Hours: 200 ( Seminar/Tutorial Hours 22, Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4, Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours 174 )
Assessment (Further Info) Written Exam 0 %, Coursework 100 %, Practical Exam 0 %
Additional Information (Assessment) 100% coursework essay of c.3000 words
Feedback Not entered
No Exam Information
Learning Outcomes
* an understanding of the material and written sources relating to the transformation of urban life and institutions of Constantinople and the cities late antique Asia Minor;
* an understanding of the material, epigraphic and topographical evidence for Constantinople and other key excavated sites within the region;
* an understanding of the differing interpretations for the decline and transformation of the classical city;
* a critical knowledge of the literary, hagiographic and legal sources for late antique urbanism;
* an understanding of the changing institutions and structures of the Christian city.

Reading List
Sample Bibliography

Khazdan A The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium 1991
Foss C and Magdalino P Rome and Byzantium 1977.
Mango C The Art of the Byzantine Empire (Sources and documents) 1972.
Mango C Byzantium, the Empire of New Rome 1980.
Khazdan A and Cutler A "Continuity and Discontinuity in Byzantine History" Byzantion 52(1982),429f.

Bardill, J. 2004 Brickstamps of Byzantium (OUP)
Bassett, S. 2004. The urban image of Late Antique Constantinople. Cambridge.
Cormack, R. 2000. Byzantine Art. Oxford.
Crow, J., Bardill, J., and Bayliss, R. 2008. The Water Supply of Byzantine Constantinople.London.
Dark, K. 2004. Houses, streets and shops in Byzantine Constantinople from the fifth to the twelfth centuries. Journal of Medieval History 30: 83-107.
Mathew, T. Mathews, T. 1971. The early churches of Constantinople: architecture and liturgy. University Park.
Mathews, T. 1999. The clash of gods. A reinterpretation of early Christian art. Princeton
Magdalino, P. 2007. Studies on the history and topography of Constantinople. Aldershot.
Mango C Le development urbain de Constantinople (IV-VIIe siecles). 2004
Mango, C. 1981. Daily life in Byzantium. JÖB 31/1: 337-53.
Mango, C. 1997. Byzantine Architecture. London.
Mango, C. 2000. The triumphal way of Constantinople and the Golden Gate. DOP 54:
Mango, C. (ed.). 2002. The Oxford History of Byzantium. Oxford.
Mango, C. and Dagron, G. (eds). 1995. Constantinople and its Hinterland. Aldershot.
Mango, M. M. 2000. The commercial map of Constantinople. DOP 54: 189-20
Striker, C. 1981. The Myrelaion (Bodrum Camii). Princeton.
Striker, C. and Kuban, Y. D. (eds). 1997. Kalenderhane in Istanbul. Mainz.
Talbot Rice, D. 1930. Excavations at Bodrum Camii 1930. Byzantion 8: 151-76.
Talbot Rice, D. (ed.). 1958. The Great palace of the Byzantine emperors, second report. Edinburgh.
Weitzmann, K. (ed.). 1977. Age of Spirituality: Late Antique and Early Christian Art, Third to Seventh Century. New York.

Asia Minor cities
Foss C Byzantine and Turkish Sardis 1976.
Foss C "Archaeology and the Twenty Cities of Asia" American Journal of Archaeology" 81(1977),469-486.
Foss C Ephesus after Antiquity: a Late Antique, Byzantine and Turkish city 1979.
Foss C Byzantine and Turkish Sardis 1976.
Foss C Ephesus after Antiquity: a Late Antique, Byzantine and Turkish city 1979.
Mainstone R J Hagia Sophia 1988.
Ward Perkins J B "Notes on the structure and building methods of early Byzantine architecture", inTalbot Rice D (ed) The Great Palace of the Byzantine Emperors, second report (1958), 52-104.
Gough M (ed) Alahan, an early Christian monastery in southern Turkey 1985.
Hoddinot R Early Byzantine churches in Macedonia and Southern Serbia 1962.

Gough M: The Origins of Christian Art 1973.
Kitzinger E Byzantine Art in the making. 1977.

Selected articles in the 17th International Byzantine Congress Major Papers. Especially J Russell on Anamurion
Foss C and Winfield D: Byzantine Fortifications, an introduction. 1986.

Harrison R M: "Upland settlements in early medieval Lycia", Actes de Colloque sur la Lycie antique. 1980, 109-118. Offprint

Late Roman cities and provinces 4th-7th centuries, especially Asia Minor
Mitchell S Anatolia, Land, Men and Gods in Asia Minor,
Vol I The Celts and the Impact of Roman Rule,
Vol II The Rise of the Church, 1993.
Roueche C: Aphrodisias in late Antiquity, 1989
Jones A: Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces, 1971.
Jones AHM: The Decline of the Roman World, 1966.
Jones AHM: The Later Roman Empire 204-602, 3 vols, 1964.
Magie D: Roman Imperial Rule in Asia Minor to the end of the third century after Christ. 1950.
Hendy M: Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy. 1984.
Haldon J: Byzantium in the seventh century. 1991.
Rich J (ed), The City in Late Antiquity. 1992, see papers by W.Libeschuetz and H.Kennedy.
Whittow M "Ruling the late Roman and early Byzantine city: a continuous history". Past and Present 129, (1990) 3-29.

Caseau, B. 1999. "Sacred Landscapes". In G. W. Bowersock, et al (eds) Late Antiquity: a Guide to the Postclassical World. Cambridge, Mass., 21-59.
*Cormack, R. 1990. "Byzantine Aphrodisias: changing the symbolic map of a city". Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 216, 26-41.
Cormack, R. 1990. "The temple as cathedral". In C. Roueché and K. T. Erim (eds) Aphrodisias Papers 1. Ann Arbor, 75-88.
Dagron, G. 1977. "La christianisme dans la ville byzantine". Dumbarton Oaks Papers 31, 3-25.
Frantz, A. 1965. "From paganism to Christianity in late antique Athens". Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 187-205.
Gauthier, N. 1999. "La topographie chétienne". In G. P. Brogiolo and B. Ward-Perkins (eds) The Idea and Ideal of the Town between Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Leiden, 195-209.
Gregory, T. E. 1986. "The survival of paganism in Christian Greece: a critical essay". American Journal of Philology 107, 229-242.
*Hanson, R. P. C. 1978. "The transformation of pagan temples into churches in the early Christian centuries". Journal of Semitic Studies XXIII, 257-257.
Kleinbauer, W. E. 1992. Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture. Boston, Massachusetts. (pgs 308-11).
Macmullen, R. 1997. Christianity and paganism in the fourth to eighth centuries. London. (ch. 2).
Markus, R. 1991. The End of Ancient Christianity. Cambridge. (ch. 10).
Milojevic, M. 1996. "Forming and transforming proto-Byzantine urban public space". In P. Allen and E. Jeffreys (eds) The Sixth Century. End or Beginning? Brisbane, 247-262.
*Saradi-Mendelovici, H. 1990. "Christian attitudes toward pagan monuments in late antiquity and their legacy in later Byzantine centuries". Dumbarton Oaks Papers 44, 47-61.
Spieser, J. M. 1976. "La christianisation des sanctuaires paiens en Grece". In U. Jantzen (ed.) Neue Forschungen in Greichischen Heiligtumern. Tubingen, 309-320.
Ward Perkins, B. 1984. From Classical Antiquity to the Middle Ages: public building in northern and central Italy. Oxford.
Wharton, A. J. 1995. Refiguring the Post Classical City. Cambridge.
Cilician Cities
Bayliss, R. 1997. "The Alacami in Kadirli: Transformations of a sacred monument". Anatolian Studies XLVII, 57-87.
Gough, M. R. E. 1952. "Anazarbus". Anatolian Studies 2, 85-150.
Gough, M. R. E. 1954. "A temple and church at Ayas (Cilicia)". Anatolian Studies 4, 49-64.
Gough, M. R. E. 1955. "Early churches in Cilicia". Byzantinoslavica 16(2), 201-211.
*Hellenkemper, H. 1994. "Early church architecture in southern Asia Minor". In K. Painter (ed.) Churches built in ancient times London, 213-238.
Hild, F. and Hellenkemper, H. 1990. Kilikien und Isaurien (Tabula Imperii Byzantini 5). Wien.
Hill, S. 1996. The Early Byzantine Churches of Cilicia and Isauria. Aldershot.
*Russell, J. 1980. "Anemurium: the changing face of a Roman city". Archaeology 33(5), 31-40.

Isaac, B. 1990. The Limits of Empire. Oxford.
Matthews, J. 1989. The Roman Empire of Ammianus. London. (pp. 355-75).
Shaw, B. D. 1984. "Bandits in the Roman Empire" Past and Present 105, 3-52.

Aphrodisias and Sagalassos
Campbell, S. 1996. "Signs of prosperity in the decoration of some 4th-5th c. buildings at Aphrodisias". In C. Roueché and R. R. R. Smith (eds) Aphrodisias Papers 3. Ann Arbor, 187-199.
*Cormack, R. 1981. "The Classical Tradition in the Byzantine Provincial City: the evidence for Thessalonike and Aphrodisias". In M. Mullett and R. Scott (eds), 103-122.
Cormack, R. 1990. "The temple as cathedral". In C. Roueché and K. T. Erim (eds) Aphrodisias Papers 1. Ann Arbor, 75-88.
*Cormack, R. 1990. "Byzantine Aphrodisias: changing the symbolic map of a city". Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 216, 26-41.
Erim, K. T. 1986. Aphrodisias, city of Venus Aphrodite. London.
Mitchell, S. and Waelkens, M. 1989. "Ariassos and Sagalassos". Anatolian Studies 39, 61-76.
Reynolds, J. 1996. "Honouring benefactors at Aphrodisias: a new inscription". In C. Roueché and R. R. R. Smith (eds) Aphrodisias Papers 3. MI, 121-126.
*Roueché, C. 1989. Aphrodisias in late Antiquity. London.
Roueché, C. 1991. "Inscriptions and the later history of the theatre". In R. R. R. Smith and K. T. Erim (eds) Aphrodisias Papers 2. Ann Arbor, 99-108.
Smith, R. R. R. 1996. "Archaeological Research at Aphrodisias, 1989-1992". In C. Roueché and R. R. R. Smith (eds) Aphrodisias Papers 3. Ann Arbor, 10-72.
Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills At the end of this course the student will be able, through tutorials, coursework and class discussion, demonstrate:
- his/her written skills and oral communication skills
- his/her analytical skills
- his/her ability to recognise and focus on important aspects of a wide-ranging subject and to select specific examples
- his/her ability to produce a concise summary

This course does not overlap with any other course on offer; and will develop and extend existing courses on late antique history and archaeology
Course organiserProf Jim Crow
Course secretaryMr Gordon Littlejohn
Tel: (0131 6)50 3782
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