Undergraduate Course: Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (PHYS09051)
Course Outline
School  School of Physics and Astronomy 
College  College of Science and Engineering 
Course type  Standard 
Availability  Available to all students 
Credit level (Normal year taken)  SCQF Level 9 (Year 3 Undergraduate) 
Credits  10 
Home subject area  Undergraduate (School of Physics and Astronomy) 
Other subject area  None 
Course website 
None 
Taught in Gaelic?  No 
Course description  This course covers fundamentals of quantum mechanics and this applications to atomic and molecular systems. The course includes nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, supplying the basic concepts and tools needed to understand the physics of atoms, molecules, and the solid state. Onedimensional wave mechanics is reviewed. The postulates and calculational rules of quantum mechanics are introduced, including Dirac notation. Angular momentum and spin are shown to be quantized, and the corresponding wavefunction symmetries are discussed. The eigenvalue equation for the energy is solved for a number of important cases, including the harmonic oscillator and the Hydrogen atom. Approximate methods of solution are studied, including timeindependent perturbation theory, with application to atomic structure.

Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Prerequisites 

Corequisites  
Prohibited Combinations  Students MUST NOT also be taking
Quantum Mechanics (PHYS09053)

Other requirements  None 
Additional Costs  None 
Information for Visiting Students
Prerequisites  None 
Displayed in Visiting Students Prospectus?  No 
Course Delivery Information

Delivery period: 2014/15 Semester 1, Partyear visiting students only (VV1)

Learn enabled: No 
Quota: None 

Web Timetable 
Web Timetable 
Course Start Date 
15/09/2014 
Breakdown of Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) 
Total Hours:
100
(
Lecture Hours 22,
Supervised Practical/Workshop/Studio Hours 20,
Summative Assessment Hours 2,
Revision Session Hours 2,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
52 )

Additional Notes 

Breakdown of Assessment Methods (Further Info) 
Written Exam
80 %,
Coursework
20 %,
Practical Exam
0 %

No Exam Information 
Summary of Intended Learning Outcomes
 State in precise terms the foundational principles of quantum mechanics and how they relate to broader physical principles.
 Devise and implement a systematic strategy for solving a complex problem in quantum mechanics by breaking it down into its constituent parts.
 Apply a wide range of mathematical techniques to build up the solution to a complex physical problem.
 Use experience and intuition gained from solving physics problems to predict the likely range of reasonable solutions to an unseen problem.
 Resolve conceptual and technical difficulties by locating and integrating relevant information from a diverse range of sources. 
Assessment Information
Exam 80% and coursework 20% 
Special Arrangements
None 
Additional Information
Academic description 
Not entered 
Syllabus 
 Wave mechanics in 1D; wavefunctions and probability; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; the superposition principle.
 Notions of completeness and orthogonality, illustrated by the infinite 1D well.
 Harmonic oscillator. Parity. Hermitian operators and their properties.
 Postulates of quantum mechanics; correspondence between wavefunctions and states; representation of observables by Hermitian operators; prediction of measurement outcomes; the collapse of the wavefunction.
 Compatible observables; the generalised Uncertainty Principle; the Correspondence Principle; time evolution of states.
 Heisenberg's Equation of Motion. Constants of motion in 3D wave mechanics: separability and degeneracy in 2D and 3D.
 Angular momentum. Orbital angular momentum operators in Cartesian and polar coordinates. Commutation relations and compatibility. Simultaneous eigenfunctions and spherical harmonics. The angular momentum quantum number L and the magnetic quantum number mL.
 Spectroscopic notation. Central potentials and the separation of Schrodinger's equation in spherical polars.
 The hydrogen atom: outline of solution, energy eigenvalues, degeneracy.
 Radial distribution functions, energy eigenfunctions and their properties. Dirac notation.
 Applications of operator methods; the harmonic oscillator by raising and lowering operator methods.
 Angular momentum revisited. Raising and lowering operators and the eigenvalue spectra of J2 and Jz.
 CondonShortley phase convention. Matrix representations of the angular momentum operators; the Pauli spin matrices and their properties.
 Properties of J=1/2 systems; the SternGerlach experiment and successive measurements. Regeneration.
 Spin and twocomponent wavefunctions. The Angular Momentum Addition Theorem stated but not proved. Construction of singlet and triplet spin states for a system of 2 spin1/2 particles.
 Identical particles. Interchange symmetry illustrated by the helium Hamiltonian. The SpinStatistics Theorem. Twoelectron wavefunctions. The helium atom in the central field approximation: groundstate and first excitedstate energies and eigenfunctions. The Pauli Principle. Exchange operator.
 Quantum computing, entanglement and decoherence.
 Introduction to Hilbert spaces.
 Basic introduction to linear operators and matrix representation.
 Advanced concepts in addition of angular momenta: the uncoupled and coupled representations. Degeneracy and measurement. Commuting sets of operators. Good quantum numbers and maximal measurements.

Transferable skills 
Not entered 
Reading list 
Not entered 
Study Abroad 
Not entered 
Study Pattern 
Not entered 
Keywords  FQMech 
Contacts
Course organiser  Dr Christopher Stock
Tel:
Email: C.Stock@ed.ac.uk 
Course secretary  Mrs Bonnie Macmillan
Tel: (0131 6)50 5905
Email: Bonnie.MacMillan@ed.ac.uk 

