Undergraduate Course: Formation and Evolution of Continents (EASC10080)
|School||School of Geosciences
||College||College of Science and Engineering
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 10 (Year 4 Undergraduate)
||Availability||Available to all students
|Summary||The Formation and Evolution of Continents (FEC) course is multidisciplinary and integrative. The course integrates the magmatic, structural, metamorphic, sedimentary and geophysical features and concepts reflecting the operation of major physiochemical and tectonic processes in the Earth that have controlled its evolution since 4.5 billion years ago. FEC aims to foster a deep-Earth (solid Earth processes)/deep-time orientated view of the Earth and its differentiation, with a focus on the formation of the Earth¿s crust, culminating in the development and growth of continents.
The course consists of 18 thematic lectures, each supported by PowerPoint notes, and by short reference lists issued at key points during the course. Key references are deposited as pdfs on the LEARN site for the course, along with all lecture materials. The keynote references for each lecture or group of lectures are designed to complement and extend the lecture content. For each lecture students are expected to spend about 3-4 hours of reading and supplementary study, which should firstly focus on the papers detailed in the course reference list. The content of these papers will be examinable in the same way as the lectures will be.
1. The crust-mantle System and key features of continents
2. Continental crust composition: evidence and implications
3. Mantle melting principles and contributions to crust formation
4. Arcs, accretionary processes and accretionary orogens
5. Subduction Zones: thermal evolution and metamorphic regimes
6. Collision and collisional orogenesis
7. Forming and growing the continents: Reading the Record
8. The Archaean: geological features and evidence for processes
9. Secular change: processes, compositions and tectonics
10. Continental growth and Supercontinent Episodes
Information for Visiting Students
|Pre-requisites||Passing of courses equivalent in content and level to those listed in the UoE prerequisites for this course.
|High Demand Course?
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2016/17, Available to all students (SV1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 22,
Seminar/Tutorial Hours 1,
Feedback/Feedforward Hours 2,
Summative Assessment Hours 3,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||Written Exam: 100%, Course Work: 0 %, Practical Exam: 0%.
The FEC course is examined by one 2-hour long theory paper sat in the December Examination diet. Students answer two questions, one from Part A and one from Part B. Each Part allows a choice from 3 questions.
The questions in Part A will be those developed from the first part of the FEC course ¿ focussed on the nature of the lithosphere, magmatism and its role in forming crust, and accretionary and collisional mountain building processes that lead to continental growth or stabilisation (Syllabus contents 1-6). The questions in Part B will focus on the evidence from the geological record, from the Archaean through to early Phanerozoic, for tectonics and continental evolution and growth over time, as well as on the modelling of such key issues as the onset of subduction, and supercontinent cycles (Syllabus content 7-10).
The summative assessment is by examination only, the date of which is given in the examination calendar / timetable for the academic year.
||A group of on-line formative assessment exercises provided at the end of Block 1 for students to self-test against. These exercises consist of a number of questions requiring short answers (one word to 3 sentences in typical length). Questions relate to the main concepts addressed in the first half of the FEC course, and require students to link specific features, processes or definitions to the themes of FEC.
Definitive answers to the formative questions are provided on-line to students following their submission of their responses.
Topic / theme-related Q&A sessions are scheduled in the FEC timetable as part of the final lecture slot in selected thematic areas (Crust & Mantle, Arc processes, Accretion and Collision, Archaean processes and evidence, continental growth, secular evolution in tectonics).
||Hours & Minutes
|Main Exam Diet S1 (December)||2:00|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- You will develop and enhance a fundamental critical understanding of the operation of major physiochemical and tectonic processes in the Earth that have controlled its evolution since 4.5 billion years ago.
- You will attain an integrated knowledge of the magmatic, structural, metamorphic, sedimentary and geophysical features and concepts relating to these physiochemical and tectonic processes.
- You will develop an appreciation of the relative roles of periodic, cyclical and irreversible processes in shaping the Earth through time.
- You will enhance your range of transferable skills, in aspects including critical reading, presentation of concepts, and synthesis of diverse data and sources.
- You will develop your skills to solve professional level problems with originality and creativity and be able to translate this into clear and concise written work.
|Harmon, R.S. & Parker, A. (2011). Frontiers in Geochemistry. Wiley-Blackwell. (Chapters 1 and 2).|
Johnson, M.R.W. & Harley, S.L. (2012). Orogenesis The Making of Mountains. Cambridge University Press. (Chapters 3, 5-7, 10, 12).
Rollinson, H. (2007). Early Earth Systems: A Geochemical Approach. Blackwell.
White, W.M. (2013). Geochemistry. Wiley-Blackwell. (see especially Chapter 11: Geochemistry of the Solid Earth).
Numerous primary papers are also recommended, with several available on the course's LEARN site.
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||Lectures on Thursdays at 14:10-18:00, Weeks 1-11.
|Course organiser||Prof Simon Harley
Tel: (0131 6)50 8547
|Course secretary||Miss Sarah Thomas
Tel: (0131 6)50 8510
© Copyright 2016 The University of Edinburgh - 3 February 2017 3:48 am