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DEGREE REGULATIONS & PROGRAMMES OF STUDY 2016/2017

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DRPS : Course Catalogue : School of Geosciences : Postgraduate Courses (School of GeoSciences)

Postgraduate Course: Frameworks to assess Food Security (PGGE11164)

Course Outline
SchoolSchool of Geosciences CollegeCollege of Science and Engineering
Credit level (Normal year taken)SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate) AvailabilityNot available to visiting students
SCQF Credits20 ECTS Credits10
SummaryThis course will introduce students to global context for food security including: trends on population demographics and their impact on food demand, distributional issues (e.g., affordability and accessibility issues); food supply (availability) and the effect of technology and climate change; importance of trade for food availability and as a stabilisation mechanism. A number of food security methodologies will be used to analyse country and household level vulnerability to food insecurity.
Course description Date Topic Descriptor Lecturer
21-09 1 Overview of food security
A general overview of the multiple dimensions of food security is provided with examples of current and future challenges such as population, climate change, water, competing land uses etc Dr. Cesar Revoredo-Giha
28-09 2 Food security concepts and frameworks
The concepts and tools used in food security analysis are introduced. Food security is defined and its relationship to the concepts of vulnerability, hunger, malnutrition and poverty considered. Applications in developing and developed countries are outlined. Dr. Cesar Revoredo-Giha
05-10 3 Understanding food supply
The concept of food supply will be presented from individual producers to aggregate production. Imports and inventories as parts of the aggregated food supply will be discussed. Factors affecting the food supply will be considered. Dr. Cesar Revoredo-Giha
12-10 4 Food distribution and food security
The downstream part of the supply chain will be considered. The role of wholesaling and retailing will be reviewed on food security will presented. It will consider issues such as the importance of supermarkets in developed and developing countries. Dr. Cesar Revoredo-Giha
19-10 5 Understanding food demand
The individual and aggregated food demand and factors affecting them will be presented. Issues such as the effect of changes in prices and income on the demand will be discussed. The changes in consumption patterns due to changes in income will be considered. Dr. Faical Akaichi
26-10 6 Nutrition and food security
This covers the relationship between nutrition and food security and considers the basic concept of malnutrition. Nutritional status is assessed, and the most commonly used nutrition indicators are identified. Dr. Faical Akaichi
2-11 7 Poverty and food security
The close relationship between poverty and food insecurity will be considered. The concept of poverty and its measurement will be presented. Trends on poverty and measures to overcome it will be discussed. Dr. Faical Akaichi
09-11 8 Food Security: Vulnerability assessment
Vulnerability is introduced and methods to assess vulnerability are presented. Vulnerability is examined in more detail including the most commonly used methods to assess vulnerability. Case study to be developed. Dr. Cesar Revoredo-Giha
16-11 9 Globalisation and food Security
The issue of trade and food security is examined with particular reference to the past, present and future role of the World Trade Organisation and its push for trade liberalisation. In addition, a quick overview of agricultural policies related to trade. Dr. Luiza Toma
23-11 10 Sustainability of the food system and food security
It will cover a number of topics related to the functioning of the food system such as health, waste, impact on environment. Dr. Cesar Revoredo-Giha
30-11 11 Delivery of essay and presentation of posters Dr. Cesar Revoredo-Giha and guests
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Pre-requisites Co-requisites
Prohibited Combinations Other requirements None
Course Delivery Information
Academic year 2016/17, Not available to visiting students (SS1) Quota:  60
Course Start Semester 1
Timetable Timetable
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) Total Hours: 200 ( Lecture Hours 33, Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4, Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours 163 )
Assessment (Further Info) Written Exam 50 %, Coursework 50 %, Practical Exam 0 %
Additional Information (Assessment) The course is assessed by a combination of coursework (50 per cent of final mark) and examination (50 per cent of final mark):

Coursework: The assignment will consist of an empirical vulnerability analysis applied to a specific country. Each student will be assigned a different country and is expected to prepare an analysis of not more than 3,000-words (40 per cent of final mark). The date for submission of the analysis is Wednesday 2nd of December. Students are also required to prepare a poster summarising the findings from the vulnerability analysis and present it on the same day (i.e., 2nd of December) (10 per cent of final mark).

Examination: The examination will involve answering two one-hour essay questions from a choice of five (each answer is worth 25 per cent of final mark). The examination will be held during the period 10th to 21th of December, exact date to be advised later (when notified by Registry).

Feedback Not entered
Exam Information
Exam Diet Paper Name Hours & Minutes
Main Exam Diet S1 (December)2:00
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
  1. Have an understanding of the global context of food security including its political, economic, social and environmental components.
  2. Identify the main trade-offs that might exist between food security and other desirable goals.
  3. Carry out independent research on food security issues and report them in a number of different formats (e.g. written, verbal).
  4. Be competent in constructing logically sound arguments and analysing scientific theories and data-generating methodologies.
  5. Have understanding in at least one specialist area (e.g. modelling food security or food supply chain analysis).
Reading List
Overview of Food Security

Maxwell, S. and Slater, R. (2003). Food Policy Old and New. Development Policy Review, 21 (5-6): 531-553

Pinstrup-Andersen, P. (2009). Food security: definition and measurement. Food security, 1(1), 5-7.

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries. Chapter 4 Food Security, Consumption and Demand Policy.

Timmer, C. P., Falcon, W. P., Pearson, S. R. (1983). Food policy analysis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Chapter 1 Introduction to Food Policy Analysis

Eicher, C. K., & Staatz, J. M. (Eds.). (1998). International agricultural development. JHU Press. Chapter 1 Agricultural development ideas in historical perspective.

Food Security Concepts and Frameworks

Devereux, S. (2006) Distinguishing between chronic and transitory food insecurity in emergency needs assessments. SENAC, WFP, Rome.

Gittinger J. P. (1987). Food Policy: Integrating Supply, Distribution and Consumption. The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries.

Understanding food supply

FAO Statistics Division. Website on Supply Utilization Accounts and Food Balance Sheets in the Context of a National Statistical System. (http://www.fao.org/es/ess/suafbs.asp)

Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS) (1996). Guidelines for Crop and Food Supply Assessment Missions. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), GIEWS. (http://www.fao.org/giews/english/tools/CFSAME1996.pdf)

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries. Chapter 7 Food Production and Supply Policies.

Southgate, D. D. Jr., Graham, D. H., Tweeten, L. G. (2006). The World Food Economy. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford. Chapter 3 The Supply Side: Agricultural Production and its Determinants.

Food distribution and food security

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries. Chapter 4 Domestic Market Policies.

Timmer, C. P., Falcon, W. P., Pearson, S. R. (1983). Food policy analysis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Chapter 4 Marketing Functions, Markets, and Food Price Formation

Understanding food demand

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries. Chapter 4 Food Security, Consumption and Demand Policy.

Southgate, D. D. Jr., Graham, D. H., Tweeten, L. G. (2006). The World Food Economy. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford. Chapter 2 The Demand Side: How Population Growth and Higher Incomes Affect Food Consumption.

Timmer, C. P., Falcon, W. P., Pearson, S. R. (1983). Food policy analysis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Chapter 2 Analysis of Food Consumption and Nutrition

Nutrition and food security

FAO (2006). The double burden of malnutrition Case studies from six developing countries. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 84, Rome 2006. http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/a0442e/a0442e00.htm

FAO (2003). Measurement and Assessment of Food Deprivation and Undernutrition FIVIMS (2003) Proceedings, International Scientific Symposium held in FAO, Rome 26-28 June 2002. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y4249E/Y4249E00.HTM

FAO (2004) Incorporating Nutrition Considerations into Development Policies and Programmes: Brief for Policy-Makers and Programme Planners in Developing Countries,. http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5343e/y5343e00.htm

Haddad, Lawrence, Kennedy, Eileen and Sullivan, Joan (1994). Choice of indicators for food security and nutrition monitoring. Food Policy, 19 (3) 329-343

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries. Chapter 3 Human Health and Nutrition Policies.

Smith, Lisa C. (1998). Can FAOs measure of Chronic Undernourishment be strengthened? Food Policy 23 (5), pp. 425-445.

Timmer, C. P., Falcon, W. P., Pearson, S. R. (1983). Food policy analysis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Chapter 2 Analysis of Food Consumption and Nutrition

Poverty and food security

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries. Chapter 5 Poverty Alleviation Policies.

Sen, Amartya Poverty and Entitlements. in: Gittinger J. P. (1987). Food Policy: Integrating Supply, Distribution and Consumption. The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.

Practical Vulnerability Analysis

L°vendal, C.R. and M. Knowles (2005). Tomorrow┐s hunger: A framework for analysing vulnerability to food insecurity. ESA Working Paper 05-07
(http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/af140e/af140e00.htm)

World Food Programme (2009). Comprehensive Food Security & Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) Guidelines - First Edition, 2009
http://www.wfp.org/content/comprehensive-food-security-and-vulnerability-analysis-cfsva-guidelines-first-edition

Globalisation and food Security

Anderson, K. and Martin, W. (eds.) Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda. Basingstoke, U. K.: Palgrave Macmillan; Washington, DC: World Bank

Koo, Won W. and P. Lynn Kennedy, (2005). International Trade and Agriculture. Blackwell Publishing,

Pinstrup- Andersen, Per and Watson, Derril D (2011). The Role of Government in Global, National and Local Food Systems: Food Policy for Developing Countries. Chapter 10 Globalization of Food System.

Southgate, D. D. Jr., Graham, D. H., Tweeten, L. G. (2006). The World Food Economy. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford. Chapter 6 Globalization and Agriculture.

Sustainability and food security

Edwards-Jones, Gareth, Llorenš MilÓ i Canals, Natalia Hounsome, Monica Truninger, Georgia Koerber, Barry Hounsome, Paul Cross et al. (2008) "Testing the assertion that local food is best┐: the challenges of an evidence-based approach." Trends in Food Science & Technology 19(5): 265-274.

Garnett, T. (2011) "Where are the best opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the food system (including the food chain)?." Food Policy 36: S23-S32.

Godfray, H. Charles J., Ian R. Crute, Lawrence Haddad, David Lawrence, James F. Muir, Nicholas Nisbett, Jules Pretty, Sherman Robinson, Camilla Toulmin, and Rosalind Whiteley (2010) "The future of the global food system" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 365(1554): 2769-2777.

Lang, Tim, Barling, David and Caraher, Martin (2001). Food, Social Policy and the Environment: Towards a New Model. Social Policy and Administration, Vol. 35, No. 5, December.

Rosegrant, Mark W. and Cline, Sarah A. (2003). Global Food Security: Challenges and Policies. Science Vol. 302, N. 12 December.

Ruttan, V. W. (2002) Productivity Growth in World Agriculture: Sources and Constraints. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(4): 161-184.

Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills Not entered
KeywordsFrameworks to Assess Food Security - Food Demand Food Security Global Change Environment
Contacts
Course organiserDr Cesar Revoredo-Giha
Tel:
Email: Cesar.Revoredo@sruc.ac.uk
Course secretaryMrs Elspeth Martin
Tel: 0131 535 4198
Email: Elspeth.Martin@sruc.ac.uk
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