Postgraduate Course: Geology for Earth Resources (PGGE11173)
|School||School of Geosciences
||College||College of Science and Engineering
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate)
||Availability||Not available to visiting students
|Summary||The course provides an overview of the basics of geology associated with petroleum exploration, carbon storage or groundwater. The focus is on sedimentary rocks, in which almost all petroleum is located, and in which almost all CO2 storage will occur. We start with fundamentals: the 3 rock groups, the geological timescale, geological maps, the basic petroleum system as an analogue for CO2 storage. We then focus on the origin and physical properties of clastic and carbonate sedimentary rocks which form the majority of reservoirs and aquifers. We further examine how Earth movements make the traps that hold petroleum / CO2. Finally we will introduce the geophysics of CO2 detection in the subsurface, and to the seismic method which is used to image the subsurface. The course includes a single day field excursion, a report of from which will contribute to the assessment with the remainder by examination.
1. Introduction to Geology: Rock types: Igneous, sediments, metamorphic
- Sediments: beds, basins, Walther's Law
- Basic petroleum system as analogue for trapping
- The Geological Timescale, dating of rocks
- Unconformities and sequence stratigraphy and Geological Maps
2. Geology of Sandstones: Origin (weathering and erosion, provenance)
- Depositional models, reservoir heterogeneity
- Physical description (porosity, packing, permeability, bedding)
- Porosity decline with depth;
- Petrology and classification;
- Diagenesis and secondary porosity
3. Shales and others: physical description (porosity, permeability, capillary seals)
- Depositional models
- Petrology and classification
- Evaporites: Depositional models, poro-perm, dissolution, diapirism
4. Carbonates: Depostional environments, morphology and reservoir quality
5. Structural Geology and Introduction to Geophysics:
- Plate tectonic models, basins
- Reconnaissance exploration techniques, seismic surveying, magnetic surveying, gravity surveying
Practicals - to be completed in students own time and reviewed the following week.
1. Basic Rock types
6 geological samples will be provided for you to examine. Match the samples to the descriptions given
You will describe sandstone samples and then assess their potential as reservoir rocks
6 geological samples will be provided for you to examine. You will match the samples to the short descriptions given and write your own more detailed description
Field Trip - Date to be confirmed as trip is dependent on weather and tides - we will leave the from the Grant Insitute at 9am on the day.
One day trip to Berwick-upon-Tweed to examine rocks along the coast to observe potential reservoir (sandstone, limestone), seal (shale) and structure (folds, faults) exposures. We will aim to return to the Grant Institute by c. 5pm.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
||Other requirements|| None
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2016/17, Not available to visiting students (SS1)
||Block 1 (Sem 1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 24,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||50% Field Report
||Feedback is a key component of your learning experience, and something which is given a high priority in the Geology for Earth Resources course. Students will have the opportunity to receive feedback in the following instances:
- Personal 1-to-1 feedback during the practical sessions, as students progress on the exercises during the course (once a week). Feedback will be provided by teaching staff.
- Personal 1-to-1 feedback during the one day field trip to Berwick upon Tweed. Feedback will be provided by teaching staff.
- Individual feedback will be provided on each students report summarising the major geological events shown by the rocks observed on the fieldtrip. This will include recommendations as to how you can improve your grades.
Students are expected to build on this feedback to progress and produce work of good standard. Course team members are happy to give individual feedback to students who ask.
Examples of feedback can be found here: http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/geosciences/teaching-organisation/staff/feedback-and-marking
||Hours & Minutes
|Main Exam Diet S1 (December)||2:00|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Have a broad and integrated knowledge of the basics of geology associated with petroleum exploration, carbon storage or groundwater
- Understand the origin and physical properties of clastic and carbonate sedimentary rocks which form the majority of reservoirs and aquifers
- Understand and be familiar with the common sedimentary rock types and their description
- Apply their introductory experience of field geology
Understanding the Earth:
Chapter 15, Sedimentary Basins
Chapter 16, Clastic Sediments
Earth's Dynamic Systems 9th Edition:
Chapter 5, Sedimentary Rocks
Chapter 10, Weathering
Sedimentology & Sedimentary Basins, from Turbulence to Tectonics (M. Leeder)
Part 6: Continental sediments
Part 7: Marine sediments
Elements of Petroleum Geology, Selley, R.C., 2nd Edition, 1998, Chapter 6: The Reservoir.
Geological field Techniques by Angela Coe (the sedimentary section only).
Sedimentary Rocks in the Field (Geological Field Guide) by Maurice E. Tucker,
The Field Description of Sedimentary Rocks (Geological Society of London Handbook Series) by Maurice E. Tucker (same book but older?)
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||Lectures: Thursdays, Week 1-5, 10am-12pm, Crew Annexe Teaching Lab 3
Practical class: Thursdays, Week 1-5, 10am-12pm, Crew Annexe Teaching Lab 3
|Keywords||petroleum exploration carbon storage CO2 storage
|Course organiser||Dr Stuart Gilfillan
Tel: (0131 6)50 7010
|Course secretary||Miss Susie Crocker
Tel: (0131 6)51 7126
© Copyright 2016 The University of Edinburgh - 3 February 2017 4:55 am