Undergraduate Course: Membrane Separation Processes 5 (SCEE11007)
|School||School of Engineering
||College||College of Science and Engineering
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Year 5 Undergraduate)
||Availability||Available to all students
|Summary||Membranes are applied in a range of processes from selective separation to solvent and material recovery. This course will enable students to understand membrane-based separation problems by acquiring in-depth knowledge in the area of membrane separation mechanisms, transport models, membrane materials and modules etc. The focus will be particularly on Environmental applications of membrane science and technology.
1) INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS
Separation concepts; diffusion across a thin film; terminology; driving force;
2) GENERAL TRANSPORT MODELS
Concentration and pressure gradients; solution - diffusion models; concentration polarization;
3) MEMBRANE POLYMERS/PREPARATION/MODULES
Polymer selection; Phase inversion membranes; thermodynamics; interfacial polymerization; membrane morphology
4) ULTRAFILTRATION (UF) AND MICROFILTRATION (MF)
Membrane properties; concentration polarization and fouling; protein fouling; crossflow and deadend microfiltration; selected applications and economics.
5) REVERSE OSMOSIS (RO) AND NANOFILTRATION (NF)
Membrane selection procedures; osmotic pressure; models; membrane fouling; design considerations and modules; pretreatment; applications (desalination, waste treatment, etc.); economic considerations.
6) PERVAPORATION (PV) / VAPOUR PERMEATION /GAS SEPARATION
Mechanisms; selectivity and flux; azeotrope separation; applications (alcohol concentration, VOC and other pollutant separations,etc.); design needs
7) MEMBRANE REACTORS / BIOREACTORS /DIALYSIS/ELECTRODIALYSIS
Catalytic membranes; nonporous and porous inorganic membrane; Membrane reactor for hazardous pollutant degradation
8) MEMBRANE CONTACTORS
Gas absorption/stripping; solvent extraction; key equations and mass-transfer correlations; mass transfer with chemical reaction; facilitated transport
9) MEMBRANE APPLICATIONS FOR WATER/WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND SYSTEM DESIGN
Hybrid processes and novel applications; Selected Environmental applications involving for water reuse and material recovery; Membrane flux and separation optimization.
Information for Visiting Students
|High Demand Course?
Course Delivery Information
|Not being delivered|
| At the conclusion of this subject students will be able to:
1) apply various transport models for the calculation of membrane fluxes and the extent of separation for various membrane systems
2) identify the types of experimental data needed for the calculation of membrane parameters
3) select a membrane process and design components to carry out a specific separation
4) be familiar with the relevant literature
5) have an introduction to advancement of membrane techniques to solve environmental problems.
Richard W. Baker Membrane Technology and Applications 2012
Marcel Mulder Basic Principles of Membrane Technology 1996
H. Strathmann, Introduction to Membrane Science and Technology, 2011
E. Hoek, V. Tarabara, Encyclopedia of Membrane Science and Technology, 2013
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Keywords||Membranes,separation processes,water treatment
|Course organiser||Dr Maria-Chiara Ferrari
Tel: (0131 6)50 5689
|Course secretary||Miss Emily Rowan
Tel: (0131 6)51 7185