# DEGREE REGULATIONS & PROGRAMMES OF STUDY 2017/2018

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# Undergraduate Course: Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 2 (CHEE08015)

 School School of Engineering College College of Science and Engineering Credit level (Normal year taken) SCQF Level 8 (Year 2 Undergraduate) Availability Available to all students SCQF Credits 10 ECTS Credits 5 Summary This course first introduces the principles and methods of Classical Thermodynamics and the thermodynamic laws in relation to familiar experience; phase change, ideal gas and flow processes; using sources of data such as thermodynamic tables and charts. The concepts of Gibbs free energy and chemical potential are introduced in the context of both phase equilibrium and chemical reaction equilibrium in ideal systems. Power generation and refrigeration cycle are introduced and analysed. Equations of State are also introduced. To enable students to calculate heats of reaction and equilibrium concentrations for gas phase reactions using standard thermodynamic data. Course description The following topics will be covered: -Philosophical foundations of Thermodynamics. Intensive/extensive properties. Concept of equilibrium. -Spontaneity in processes and Reversibility. -Introduction of First and second laws. Isentropic processes and isentropic efficiency. -Rankine cycle and power generation. -Refrigeration and Vapour compression cycles. Absorption refrigeration and liquefaction cycles. -Equations of State. Pure components and mixtures -Auxiliary functions: the Gibbs Free Energies. Gibbs FE as a work function and criterion for equilibrium. Maxwell's equations and a sample derivation. -Calculation of change in TD properties between specified states, including calculation of DG. -Phase equilibrium fora single component. Clausius-Clapeyron equation. TD properties of perfect gas mixtures: enthalpy and entropy of mixing. -VLE for ideal mixtures; Raoult's Law. Chemical potential and fugacity, phase rule. -Gibbs FE change for ideal mixtures. -Chemical equilibrium in (ideal) gaseous systems. Standard FE change of reaction. Evaluation of Chemical equilibrium constant at elevated temperatures from Standard data. Calculation of equilibrium composition of a reaction mixture of perfect gases at given T,P.
 Pre-requisites Co-requisites Prohibited Combinations Other requirements None
 Pre-requisites None High Demand Course? Yes
 Academic year 2017/18, Available to all students (SV1) Quota:  None Course Start Semester 2 Timetable Timetable Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) Total Hours: 100 ( Lecture Hours 20, Seminar/Tutorial Hours 7, Formative Assessment Hours 1, Summative Assessment Hours 1.5, Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2, Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours 68 ) Assessment (Further Info) Written Exam 100 %, Coursework 0 %, Practical Exam 0 % Additional Information (Assessment) Written Exam 100 % Feedback Not entered Exam Information Exam Diet Paper Name Hours & Minutes Main Exam Diet S2 (April/May) 1:30 Resit Exam Diet (August) 1:30
 On completion of this course, the student will be able to: Understand and apply basic thermodynamic concepts: thermodynamic systems, states, properties, work, heat, energy.Represent power generation and refrigeration cycles on T-S and P-H diagrams and determine the power generation or requirement for a given thermal duty.Describe the significance of Chemical Potential in mixtures.Use Standard heats and free energies of formation to evaluate equilibrium constants, and hence determine equilibrium concentrations in reacting mixtures at elevated temperatures and pressures.Understand deviation between ideal vs. real cycles
 1.Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, SI ed. 8 Borgnakke & Sonntag 2. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics Moran, Shapiro, Boettner, Bailey 3. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics,Smith, Van Ness, Abbott 4. Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach Cengel & Boles 5.Thermodynamics for Chemical Engineers, K. E. Bett; G. Saville; J. S. Rowlinson
 Graduate Attributes and Skills Not entered Additional Class Delivery Information 20 lecture 7 tutorials Week 1 Lecture 1: Introduction, foundations. Basic concepts and definitions: systems, units, equilibrium Lecture 2: Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, heat and temperature. Processes, heat, work   Week 2 Lecture 3: Pure substances, Phase change. Phase diagrams Lecture 4: Thermodynamics Tables (steam tables), interpolations, ideal gases   Week 3 Lecture 5: First Law of Thermodynamics, conservation of energy. Energy transfer by heat and work Lecture 6: Energy analysis (First law) of closed systems  Week 4 Lecture 7: Conservation of energy (open systems). Control volumes, steady states analysis Lecture 8: Steady flow engineering devices   Week 5 Lecture 9: Introduction to the Second law of Thermodynamics, Entropy, spontaneity of processes. Lecture 10: Entropy calculations for solid, liquids and gases Week 6 Lecture 11: Clausius inequality, entropy production Lecture 12: Entropy balance, examples of entropy balance Week 7 Lecture 13: Carnot cycle, Efficiency of Carnot cycle, perpetual machines Lecture 14: Isentropic Processes, isentropic efficiency  Week 8 Lecture 15: Power generation, Rankine cycle Lecture 16: Refrigeration cycles   Week 9 Lecture 17: Gibbs energy for equilibrium, Gibbs equations, Maxwell equations Lecture 18: Gibbs free energy applied to phase equilibrium, azeotropes  Week 10 Lecture 19: Chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant for ideal gas reactions Lecture 20: Equations of State: ideal, cubic, virial and principle of Keywords Thermodynamics,Chemical,Ideal gas,Equilibrium,Cycles,Equations of State
 Course organiser Prof Khellil Sefiane Tel: (0131 6)50 4873 Email: k.sefiane@ed.ac.uk Course secretary Miss Lucy Davie Tel: (0131 6)51 7073 Email: Lucy.Davie@ed.ac.uk
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