Undergraduate Course: Structural Analysis of Rocks and Regions (SARR) (EASC09052)
|School||School of Geosciences
||College||College of Science and Engineering
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 9 (Year 3 Undergraduate)
||Availability||Available to all students
|Summary||Structural geology and rock deformation affect a large number of economic, environmental and societal interfaces with planet Earth, and the response of rocks to plate motions shapes our planet¿s appearance. This course will teach not only a fundamental knowledge of the parameters that govern the relationship between stress and strain but put the rock response into a perspective that seamlessly ties in with material taught in related courses.
This course reverses the theory-first/application-second approach of all common structural geology textbooks by introducing students to the structural geology of regions they are either familiar with, or have heard of.
The regions are chosen so that a) in sum, they represent all important deformation processes and styles, b) the students will/may visit them, c) excellent (teaching) material is available to allow for a true multi-scale and integrated assessment using a wide range of data and d) the lecturers know them well. In that way students will experience key quantities, concepts and descriptors of rock deformation through a large variety of structural and geospatial datasets acquired from deforming rocks and regions.
The course textbook will be Fossen (2016) Structural Geology, the site-specific data portfolios will furthermore contain a significant number of scientific papers on relevant topics.
Structural geology of glaciers; deformation of ice as a geological material, drivers for rock deformation, rheology, deformation mechanisms 1
Carboneras fault (Spain); elasticity, Coulomb failure, frictional sliding, rate- and state-dependent friction; earthquake cycle, strike slip faults
Cap de Creus shear belt (Spain); crustal rheology, brittle-viscous transition, base of seismogenic zone, deformation mechanisms 2; shear zones, kinematic indicators
Basin & Range (USA); normal fault geometry, extensional deformation, rifting, fault scaling, displacement distance relationships, faults and folds, balancing cross sections, crustal thinning, orogenic collapse
Chaînes subalpines/Jura mountains (Switzerland/France); contractional deformation, reverse fault geometry, thin skin tectonics, fold and thrust belts, folds 1
Helvetic Nappe Stack (Switzerland); folds 2, strain concepts and descriptors, kinematic vorticity, strain analysis
Nankai trough (Japan); megathrusts, subduction earthquakes, geometry of the accretionary wedge, pseudotachylites, 3D seismics
Himalayas (India/Tibet); continental collision, channel flow, kinematic vorticity, tectonic/climate interaction
Salt / serpentine tectonics
Assessed oral presentations
Information for Visiting Students
|High Demand Course?
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2017/18, Available to all students (SV1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 22,
Seminar/Tutorial Hours 11,
Supervised Practical/Workshop/Studio Hours 17,
Summative Assessment Hours 2,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||The course will be assessed through an oral presentation and discussion (10 + 5 minutes) on a topic related to the course; a list of topics will be made available at the beginning of the semester. We anticipate the students to work about 75 hours on this. This will contribute 50% to the final mark.
50% will be contributed through an exam.
Assessed oral presentations will take place in week 10
||Feedback will be provided in weekly tutorials. Both, F. Fusseis and M. Attal are furthermore available for individual meetings during their office hours.
||Hours & Minutes
|Main Exam Diet S2 (April/May)||2:00|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Develop an in-depth understanding of the link between plate motions and rock response along plate boundaries both in terms of mineralogy, rock fabrics and fluid transport properties
- Develop skills in synthesising the geology of an area through the integrated use of maps, cross-sections, diagrams and accompanying reports
- Learn to link plate tectonic processes with the associated development of topography
- Develop skills in visualising map and related field data in three dimensions using appropriate graphical techniques
- Develop an appreciation of the degree of uncertainty of the data collection methods and the relationship between surface and subsurface data.
|A comprehensive selection of papers that relate regions with deformation processes and present the datasets discussed in the lectures will be available on learn. The following textbook is recommended:|
Fossen, H., 2016. Structural Geology. Cambridge University Press, 2nd Edition, ISBN 9781107057647.
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Keywords||Structural Geology. Landscape Analysis,GIS,rock mechanics
|Course organiser||Dr Florian Fusseis
Tel: (0131 6)50 6755
|Course secretary||Miss Sarah Thomas
Tel: (0131 6)50 8510