Postgraduate Course: Geology for Earth Resources (PGGE11173)
|School||School of Geosciences
||College||College of Science and Engineering
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate)
||Availability||Not available to visiting students
The course provides an overview of the basics of geology associated with geoenergy applications such as petroleum exploration, carbon storage or groundwater provision. The focus is on sedimentary rocks, in which almost all petroleum is located and where most geoenergy applications will occur. We start with fundamentals: the 3 rock groups, the geological timescale, geological maps, the basic petroleum system as an analogue for CO2 storage. We then focus on the origin and physical properties of clastic and carbonate sedimentary rocks which form the majority of reservoirs and aquifers. We further examine how Earth movements make the traps that hold petroleum and could be used for CO2 or energy storage. Finally we will introduce the geophysics of gas detection in the subsurface, and to the seismic method which is used to image the subsurface. The course includes a single day field excursion, a report of from which will contribute to the assessment with the remainder by examination.
This course is not available for undergraduates
Further Course Information
Course Link in PATH: https://path.is.ed.ac.uk/courses/PGGE11173_SS1_SB1
Course Link in the Degree Regulations and Programme of Study:
1. Introduction to Geology: Rock types: Igneous, sediments, metamorphic
- Sediments: beds, basins, Walther┐ s Law
- Basic petroleum system as analogue for trapping
- The Geological Timescale, dating of rocks
- Unconformities and sequence stratigraphy and Geological Maps
2. Geology of Sandstones: Origin (weathering and erosion, provenance)
- Depositional models, reservoir heterogeneity
- Physical description (porosity, packing, permeability, bedding)
- Porosity decline with depth;
- Petrology and classification;
- Diagenesis and secondary porosity
3. Shales and others: physical description (porosity, permeability, capillary seals)
- Depositional models
- Petrology and classification
- Evaporites: Depositional models, poro-perm, dissolution, diapirism
4. Carbonates: Depostional environments, morphology and reservoir quality
5. Structural Geology and Introduction to Geophysics:
- Plate tectonic models, basins
- Reconnaissance exploration techniques, seismic surveying, magnetic surveying, gravity surveying
Practicals ┐ to be completed in students own time following each weeks lecture and reviewed the following week.
1. Basic Rock types
6 geological samples will be provided for you to examine. Match the samples to the descriptions given.
You will describe sandstone samples and then assess their potential as reservoir rocks.
3. Shales, Seals and Coals
Examples of these rocks will be provided for you to examine and describe, along with an assessment of their potential as seals.
6 geological samples will be provided for you to examine. You will match the samples to the short descriptions given and write your own more detailed description.
Field Trip ┐ Date to be confirmed as trip is dependent on weather and tides ┐ we will leave the from the Grant Insitute at 9am on the day.
One day trip to Berwick-upon-Tweed to examine rocks along the coast to observe potential reservoir (sandstone, limestone), seal (shale) and structure (folds, faults) exposures. We will aim to return to the Grant Institute by c. 5pm.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
||Other requirements|| None
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2018/19, Not available to visiting students (SS1)
||Block 1 (Sem 1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 24,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||50% Field Report
Exam: Students will answer TWO essay type questions (out of a selection of FOUR) covering the entire range of the course in two hours (Each question will be equally weighted and hence worth 50 % of the final exam mark).
Course work: A short report (3000 words maximum) summarising your observations from the fieldtrip including photographs and sketches with citations to the literature where appropriate. This will comprise 50 % of the course mark.
||Feedback is a key component of your learning experience, and something which is given a high priority in the Geology for Earth Resources course. Students will have the opportunity to receive feedback in the following instances:
- Personal 1-to-1 feedback during the practical sessions, as students' progress on the exercises during the course (once a week). Feedback will be provided by teaching staff.
- Personal 1-to-1 feedback during the one day field trip to Berwick upon Tweed. Feedback will be provided by teaching staff.
- Individual feedback will be provided on each students report summarising the major geological events shown by the rocks observed on the fieldtrip. This will include recommendations as to how you can improve your grades.
Students are expected to build on this feedback to progress and produce work of good standard. Course team members are happy to give individual feedback to students who ask.
Examples of feedback can be found here: http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/geosciences/teaching-organisation/staff/feedback-and-marking
||Hours & Minutes
|Main Exam Diet S1 (December)||2:00|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- - A broad, integrated knowledge of the basics of geology associated with petroleum exploration, carbon storage or groundwater provision.
- - A critical understanding of the origin and physical properties of clastic and carbonate sedimentary rocks which form the majority of reservoirs and aquifers
- - Familiarity with common sedimentary rock types and their description.
- - Introductory experience of field geology.
Understanding the Earth: Chapter 15, Sedimentary Basins and Chapter 16, Clastic Sediments
Earth's Dynamic Systems 9th Edition: Chapter 5, Sedimentary Rocks and Chapter 10, Weathering
Sedimentology & Sedimentary Basins, from Turbulence to Tectonics (M. Leeder)
Part 6: Continental sediments and Part 7: Marine sediments
Elements of Petroleum Geology, Selley, R.C., 2nd Edition, 1998, Chapter 6: The Reservoir.
Geological field Techniques by Angela Coe (the sedimentary section only).
Sedimentary Rocks in the Field (Geological Field Guide) by Maurice E. Tucker
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||Lectures/Practicals: Mondays, Week 1-5, 10-11am, Room 4, Crew Building Teaching Laboratory
|Keywords||petroleum exploration carbon storage CO2 storage
|Course organiser||Dr Stuart Gilfillan
Tel: (0131 6)51 3462
|Course secretary||Ms Heather Dyson
Tel: (0131 6)51 7126