Postgraduate Course: The Hittites: The Archaeology of an Ancient Near Eastern Civilisation (PGHC11344)
|School||School of History, Classics and Archaeology
||College||College of Humanities and Social Science
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate)
||Availability||Available to all students
|Summary||The course examines the development of Hittite civilisation in central Anatolia from a formative stage in the early second millennium BC, through the emergence of urban centres in the "Assyrian Colonies Period", the unification of the Hittite kingdom, the import of Mesopotamian concepts of kingship, religion and society, peaceful and violent interaction with neighbouring people (Mesopotamians, Egyptians, Black Sea mountain tribes, Western Anatolia and Aegean) to the eventual collapse marking the end of the Late Bronze Age in the Near East.
The course provides an in-depth survey of Hittite civilisation, one of the most powerful Near Eastern empires of the Late Bronze Age. The course examines the emergence of urban civilisation in the highlands of central Anatolia (modern Turkey), the development and introduction of writing systems in this area, the role of technological innovation and ideological changes through the successive stages of development of Hittite civilisation until its rise to prominence in the 'Empire Period' (ca 1400-1200 BC) and final collapse around 1200 BC. The evidence considered is primarily from the excavation of settlement sites, monumental artwork, iconography and textual sources. Questions and debates about state formation and collapse are of particular importance, as well as Hittite adaptation to an economically challenging and difficult-to-control environment, the background of the gradual importation of Mesopotamian concepts about society and religion, and Hittite general interaction with powerful neighbours in Mesopotamia, Syria, the Levant and Egypt.
This course is meant to be of interest for students who wish to learn more about early Near Eastern and Mediterranean civilisations, the development and interaction of urban, state-level societies in the Old World, and their material and textual legacy. Weekly topics include: The (re-)discovery of Hittite civilisation, Assyrian trade colonies and local communities in early second millennium Anatolia, the rise of the Hittite State, languages and writing systems, Hittite society and settlement, Hittite economy, the military, Hittite religion between traditional piety and imperial ideology, Hittite monuments, northern and western neighbours of the Empire (the Kaska tribes, Arzawa, Wilusa) and the collapse of the Hittite Empire.
The course consists of weekly two-hour class meetings with lectures, presentations and group discussions. There will also be an additional series of one-hour meetings focussing on specific readings which highlight important disputes, concepts or problems in Hittite studies.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
||Other requirements|| None
Information for Visiting Students
|High Demand Course?
Course Delivery Information
|Not being delivered|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Demonstrate by way of coursework a detailed and critical command of the body of knowledge concerning the subject matter of the course
- Demonstrate by way of coursework an ability to analyse and reflect critically upon relevant scholarship concerning Hittite Anatolia and its place in the wider context of Near Eastern and Mediterranean archaeology
- Demonstrate by way of coursework and seminar participation, an ability to understand and apply research skills to the investigation of the material covered in the course
- Demonstrate the ability to develop and sustain original scholarly arguments in oral and written form in seminar discussions, presentations, and coursework by independently formulating appropriate questions and utilising relevant evidence
- Demonstrate, by way of seminar discussions, presentations, and written coursework, originality and independence of mind and initiative; intellectual integrity and maturity; an ability to evaluate the work of others, including peers
|Beckman, G. 1999. Hittite Diplomatic Texts. Atlanta: Scholars Press.|
Bonatz, D. 2007. The divine image of the king: religious representation of political power in the Hittite empire, in M. Heinz & M.H. Feldman (ed.) Representations of political power. Case histories from times of change and dissolving order in the Ancient Near East: 111-136. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
Bryce, T. 2002. Life and society in the Hittite world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bryce, T. 2005. The kingdom of the Hittites. 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Collins, B.J. 2007. The Hittites and their world. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.
Genz, H. & D.P. Mielke (ed.) 2011. Insights into Hittite history and archaeology. Leuven: Peeters.
Glatz, C. 2009. Empire as network: spheres of material interaction in Late Bronze Age Anatolia, Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 28, 127-141.
Hoffner, H.A. 2009. Letters from the Hittite Kingdom. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.
Mielke, D.P. 2011. Key sites of the Hittite empire, in S.R. Steadman & G. McMahon (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia (10,000 - 323 BCE): 1031-1054. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.
Shaw, W.M.K. 2004. Whose Hittites, and Why? Language, archaeology and the quest for the original Turks, in M.L. Galaty & Ch. Watkinson (ed.) Archaeology under dictatorship: 131-153. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Taracha, P. 2009. Religions of second millennium Anatolia (Dresdner Beiträge zur Hethitologie 27). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
Veenhof, K. R. 2010. Ancient Assur: The city, its traders, and its commercial network, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 53.1: 39-82.
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||N.B. Timetable is arranged annually
|Keywords||Hittite Civilisation,Ancient Anatolia,Ancient Near East,Mediterranean archaeology
|Course organiser||Dr Ulf-Dietrich Schoop
Tel: (0131 6)50 2503
|Course secretary||Mr Gordon Littlejohn
Tel: (0131 6)51 7454