Undergraduate Course: Early Medieval Sexualities, c.500-1000 (HIST10420)
|School||School of History, Classics and Archaeology
||College||College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 10 (Year 4 Undergraduate)
||Availability||Not available to visiting students
|Summary||This course examines the history of sexuality in early medieval societies between c.500 and c.1000. Students will be introduced to key concepts and debates in the history of sexuality, and will use important themes in early medieval history to probe these concepts and debates. The course also uses sexuality and gender to re-evaluate political, religious and social dynamics across multiple post-Roman societies in the early medieval west before c.1000, and to make comparisons with other societies including Byzantium and Islamic caliphates.
The centuries between c.500 and c.1000 can still seem like the ┐dark ages┐ in broader histories of sexuality. While most histories of sexuality quickly jump across from the Roman world to the millennium, this course provides an extended opportunity to explore what sexuality meant in early medieval societies.
There are three important threads running through Early Medieval Sexualities:
1) Key concepts and debates: we will use early medieval sources and historiography to probe and reassess key concepts and debates in the history of sexuality.
2) Sexing up history: we will use themes in the history of gender and sexuality to re-evaluate political, social and religious dynamics in early medieval societies.
3) Continuity and change: drawing on sources and historiography for a range of societies ┐ including comparative material from Byzantine and Islamic societies ┐ we will consider continuities and changes in the ordering of sexuality across space and time, and ultimately ask what, if anything, was distinctive about early medieval sexualities.
Key themes include: gender and the body; sexuality and religious conversion; asceticism and holiness; the politics of sexuality in courts and kingdoms; sexual stratification across lay, clerical and monastic divides; the role of sexuality in ethnic, social and religious identities; homosexuality and heteronormativity; the relevance of early medieval sexualities to modern historiography and contemporary debate.
Semester One will introduce key conceptual and theoretical preoccupations in the history of sexuality before tracing how and why ideas and practices of sexuality evolved in later Roman and post-Roman societies roughly up to the eighth century.
Semester Two will examine shifting political, social and religious configurations of sexuality in relatively well-documented western European societies between the eighth and tenth centuries before turning to comparative material on distinctive conjunctions of sexuality, gender, power and religion in other societies, such as Byzantium and Islamic caliphates.
At most seminar exploration of big questions will involve careful analysis of the contents, contexts and implications of primary sources. These will always be available in translation, including some unpublished translations from the course organiser┐s research that are unavailable elsewhere. The range of surviving sources is surprisingly rich; for example, confessors┐ manuals scrutinising sexual acts in minute detail, anxious monastic treatises on sexual sin, lustful thoughts and wet dreams, legal regulations and documents for settling disputes sparked off by sexual offences, conflicting accounts of lurid accusations against men and women in marriage disputes, and a number of female-authored texts on sex, marriage and religious life.
Students should note that more than one seminar will address themes of rape, sexual abuse and violence.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
||Other requirements|| A pass in 40 credits of third level historical courses or equivalent.
Before enrolling students on this course, Personal Tutors are asked to contact the History Honours Admission Secretary to ensure that a place is available (Tel: 503780).
Course Delivery Information
|Not being delivered|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- demonstrate, by way of essays, presentations and seminar participation, a coherent grasp of key political, religious, social and cultural dynamics in early medieval societies from 500 to 1000; and of the history of sexuality and gender in this period;
- demonstrate, by way of essays, presentations and seminar participation, an ability to read, analyse and reflect critically upon relevant scholarship in early medieval, Byzantine and early Islamic historiography, and in the history of sexuality;
- demonstrate, by way of essays, presentations and seminar participation, an ability to understand, evaluate and utilize a variety of primary source material;
- demonstrate, by way of essays, presentations and seminar participation, the ability to develop and sustain scholarly arguments in oral and written form, by formulating appropriate questions and utilizing relevant evidence;
- demonstrate independence of mind and initiative; intellectual integrity and maturity; an ability to evaluate the work of others, including peers.
|Judith M. Bennett and Ruth M. Karras (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Women & Gender in Medieval Europe (Oxford, 2013)|
John Boswell, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the beginning of the Christian era to the fourteenth century (Chicago, 1980)
Peter Brown, The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity (New York, 1988)
Leslie Brubaker and Julia M.H. Smith (eds), Gender in the Early Medieval World: East and West, 300-900 (Cambridge, 2004)
Stephen Garton, Histories of Sexuality: Antiquity to Sexual Revolution (London, 2004)
David Halperin, One Hundred Years of Homosexuality: And other essays on Greek love (New York, 1990)
Kyle Harper, From Shame to Sin: The Christian Transformation of Sexual Morality in Late Antiquity (Cambridge, 2013)
Karl Heidecker, The Divorce of Lothar II: Christian Marriage and Political Power in the Carolingian World (Ithaca, 2010)
Mark Jordan, The Invention of Sodomy in Christian Theology (Chicago, 1997)
Ruth M. Karras, Sexuality in Medieval Europe: Doing Unto Others (London, 2005)
Mathew Kuefler (ed.), The Boswell Thesis: Essays on Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality (Chicago, 2006)
Rachel Stone, Morality and Masculinity in the Carolingian Empire (Cambridge, 2012)
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
||- ability to draw valid conclusions about the past
- ability to identify, define and analyse historical problems
- ability to select and apply a variety of critical approaches to problems informed by uneven evidence
- ability to exercise critical judgement in creating new understanding
- ability to extract key elements from complex information
- readiness and capacity to ask key questions and exercise rational enquiry
- ability critically to assess existing understanding and the limitations of knowledge and recognition of the need regularly to challenge/test knowledge
- ability to search for, evaluate and use information to develop knowledge and understanding
- possession of an informed respect for the principles, methods, standards, values and boundaries of the discipline(s), as well as the capacity to question these
- recognition of the importance of reflecting on one's learning experiences and being aware of one's own particular learning style
- openness to new ideas, methods and ways of thinking
- ability to identify processes and strategies for learning
- independence as a learner, with readiness to take responsibility for one's own learning, and commitment to continuous reflection, self-evaluation and self-improvement
- ability to make decisions on the basis of rigorous and independent thought
- ability to test, modify and strengthen one's own views through collaboration and debate
- intellectual curiosity
- ability to sustain intellectual interest
- ability to make effective use of oral, written and visual means convey understanding of historical issues and one's interpretation of them
- ability to marshal argument lucidly and coherently
- ability to collaborate and to relate to others
- readiness to seek and value open feedback to inform genuine self-awareness
- ability to articulate one's skills as identified through self-reflection
- ability to approach historical problems with academic rigour
- ability to manage and meet firm deadlines
- flexible, adaptable and proactive responsiveness to changing surroundings
- possession of the confidence to make decisions based on one's understanding and personal/intellectual autonomy
- ability to transfer knowledge, learning, skills and abilities flexibly from one context to another
- ability to work effectively with others, capitalising on diversities of thinking, experience and skills
- working with, managing, and leading others in ways that value their diversity and equality and that encourage their contribution
|Course organiser||Dr Zubin Mistry
|Course secretary||Miss Claire Brown
Tel: (0131 6)50 3582