Undergraduate Course: Computer Algebra (INFR11111)
Course Outline
School  School of Informatics 
College  College of Science and Engineering 
Credit level (Normal year taken)  SCQF Level 11 (Year 4 Undergraduate) 
Availability  Available to all students 
SCQF Credits  10 
ECTS Credits  5 
Summary  Computer graphics uses various shapes such as ellipsoids for modelling. Consider the following problem: we are given an ellipsoid, a point from which to view it, and a plane on which the viewed image is to appear. The problem is to find the contour of the image as an equation (a numerical solution is not good enough for many applications). The problem does not involve particularly difficult mathematics, but a solution by hand is very difficult. This is an example of a problem that can be solved fairly easily with a computer algebra system. These systems have a very wide range of applications and are useful both for routine work and research. From a computer science point of view they also give rise to interesting problems in implementation and the design of algorithms. The considerations here are not only theoretical but also pragmatic. The design of efficient algorithms in this area involves various novel techniques.
The course addresses the underlying principles and supporting mathematics by considering a few key areas and algorithms. There is also emphasis on developing an intuitive understanding of techniques. There is a two way process in which the desire to solve mathematical problems motivates the design of new algorithms and in turn the process of designing algorithms motivates supporting mathematical material. The course uses the open source computer algebra system Axiom to support coursework and as an example of algorithms in practice. 
Course description 
* Axiom: general design principles, user facilities, data structures, domains, etc.
* Brief comparison of systems.
* Algebraic structures: overview, basic concepts and algorithms.
* Arbitrary precision operations on integers, rationals, reals, polynomials and rational expressions.
* Importance of greatest common divisors and their efficient computation for integers and univariate polynomials (using modular methods).
* Multivariate polynomial systems: solution of sets of equations over the complex numbers; construction and use of Groebner bases; relevant algebraic structures and results.
* Reliable solution of systems of polynomial equations in one variable; Sturm sequences, continued fractions method.
Relevant QAA Computing Curriculum Sections: Data Structures and Algorithms, Simulation and Modelling, Theoretical Computing

Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Prerequisites 
It is RECOMMENDED that students have passed
Discrete Mathematics and Mathematical Reasoning (INFR08023)

Corequisites  
Prohibited Combinations  
Other requirements  It is recommended that students have passed Discrete Mathematics and Mathematical Reasoning or a course providing equivalent practice at mathematical reasoning. 
Information for Visiting Students
Prerequisites  None 
High Demand Course? 
Yes 
Course Delivery Information
Not being delivered 
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
 Use the computer algebra system Axiom as an aid to solving mathematical problems, e.g., by implementing appropriate algorithms and evaluating results.
 Explain the gap between ideal solutions and actual systems (the need to compromise for efficiency reasons).
 Discuss the mathematical techniques as well as data structures used in the course and relate them to computational concerns.
 Discuss and apply various advanced algorithms and the mathematical techniques used in their design, applying them to related problem areas.
 Use the techniques of the course to design and justify an efficient algorithm for a given mathematical problem (of a fairly similar nature to those discussed in the course).

Reading List
* J. von zur Gathen and J. Gerhard, Modern Computer Algebra, Cambridge University Press, second edition, 2003.
* K. O. Geddes, S. R. Czapor and G. Labahn, Algorithms for Computer Algebra, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1992).
* J.H. Davenport, Y. Siret and E. Tournier, Computer Algebra; systems and algorithms for algebraic computation, Academic Press 1988.
* D.E. Knuth, Seminumerical Algorithms, second dedition, AddisonWesley 1981. 
Contacts
Course organiser  Dr Kyriakos Kalorkoti
Tel: (0131 6)50 5149
Email: kk@inf.ed.ac.uk 
Course secretary  Mr Gregor Hall
Tel: (0131 6)50 5194
Email: gregor.hall@ed.ac.uk 

