Postgraduate Course: Fundamentals in Bioethics (LAWS11390)
|School||School of Law
||College||College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate)
|Course type||Online Distance Learning
||Availability||Not available to visiting students
|Summary||This course serves as a foundation for critical engagement with the core elements of doing bioethics. It will introduce students to three pillars of rigorous bioethical analysis: (i) defining and distinguishing concepts, (ii) understanding theories, and (iii) recognising and constructing robust arguments. It will equip students with the skills to develop and defend ethical arguments, and to apply these to legal, regulatory and policy issues in health, medicine and the biosciences.
* Week 1: Introducing an ethical toolbox
Introducing the importance of the three pillars of good bioethical reasoning (i) the skills of sound argumentation (ii) the importance of conceptual clarity (iii) the relevance and limitations of ethical theory.
* Week 2: Who matters? The significance of moral status
Examining the question of what kinds of beings are the proper object of moral concern and introducing the concept of personhood.
* Week 3: What makes human life worth living?
Comparing a range of accounts that seek to characterise what wellbeing or a worthwhile life consist in and highlighting the different perspectives from which this question may be approached.
* Week 4: Is there a moral difference between killing and letting die?
Exploring the distinctions between acts and omissions and their moral (ir)relevance
* Week 5: Introducing theories about what makes something good or right.
Introducing the core precepts of the most prominent ethical theories (e.g. utilitarianism, deontology etc.) and critically engaging with the limits of the use of theory in practical bioethics
* Week 6: Why worry about justice?
Highlighting the increasing importance of political philosophy in bioethics, through key questions of fairness, and justice. We will ask: what does it mean to live in a fair society? What would be a fair approach to the distribution of health/healthcare?
* Week 7: What is autonomy and does it matter?
Introduction to theories of autonomy and the limitations of autonomy a guiding principle
* Week 8: No person is an island. Who else matters?
Broadening the ethical lens to look beyond individual interests and actions to explore the ethical significance of living and acting within groups, communities, states.
* Week 9: To what extent am I my body?
Encouraging students to think critically about the ways in which we are and are not our bodies and the extent to which a worthwhile life or good outcomes are synonymous preserving a healthy or 'normal' body.
* Week 10: What should I do?
Consolidating the preceding sessions, this final class will turn to what is often seen as the central focus of ethics, the morality of actions. Having had the prior discussions, students will be better equipped to critically consider the rightness and wrongness of actions, as well as the limits to such an account of ethics.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
||Other requirements|| Please contact the online learning team at firstname.lastname@example.org
|Additional Costs|| Students should have regular and reliable access to the Internet.
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2020/21, Not available to visiting students (SS1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Seminar/Tutorial Hours 40,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||The coursework will consist of one 4,000-word essay (100 %)
Requirements for the assessment will be outlined to students at the start of each semester.
||Students will have the opportunity to obtain formative feedback over the course of the semester. The feedback provided will assist students in their preparation for the summative (graded) assessments.
Details of the School's feedback policy will be available at the start of the course.
|No Exam Information
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Demonstrate critical understanding of the principal concepts, theories, and methods of bioethical reasoning and argumentation.
- Identify, conceptualise and analyse ethical problems and issues.
- Deal with complex issues and make informed judgements in situations characterised by dilemmas and plurality of values.
- Communicate ethical ideas and positions, appropriately and effectively, using a variety of methods, and to a range of audiences, taking into account the complex and sensitive nature of many bioethical topics.
|There is no set text for this course.|
A proportion of the core readings will come from:
- Ashcroft, R, Dawson, A, Draper, H, and McMillan, J (eds). (2007)
'Principles of health care ethics'. John Wiley & Sons. (available as an e-book from University of Edinburgh library)
- Kuhse, H, & Singer, P (eds). (2012). 'A companion to bioethics: second edition'. Wiley Blackwell. (available as an e-book from University of Edinburgh library)
- Kuhse H, Schueklenk U and Singer P. (eds) (2016), 'Bioethics: an anthology: Third edition', Wiley Blackwell. (available as an e-book from University of Edinburgh library)
- Wilkinson, D., Savulescu, J., and Herring, J. (2019) Medical Ethics and Law: A Curriculum for the 21st Century. Elsevier (scanned copies of relevant chapters will be made available in the course Resources list)
- Rachels, J., & Rachels, S. (2015). The elements of moral philosophy (8th edition). New York: McGraw-Hill. (scanned copies of relevant chapters will be made available in the course Resources list)
A detailed list of key resources will be available at the start of the course.
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
||1. Cognitive skills. The course will enable the student to select and deploy appropriate research techniques; they will critically analyse and evaluate key issues in the subject area, and formulate coherent arguments relating to key issues in the subject area.
2. Communications. Students will be able to summarise and communicate information and ideas effectively in oral and written form. Students are also expected to interact with each other and with tutors online, and this forms part of the overall assessment.
3. Autonomy, accountability. Students will exercise personal autonomy and intellectual initiative in, and take responsibility for, the conduct of their own work.
4. Working with others. They will engage with others through participation in online discussion: articulating and supporting a line of argument and formulating critical analyses of arguments presented by others.
||This course is taught by online learning.
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||This course is taught by online learning.
|Keywords||bioethics,medical ethics,moral philosophy,medical law,medical jurisprudence
|Course organiser||Ms Emily Postan
|Course secretary||Ms Clare Polson
Tel: (0131 6)51 9704