Undergraduate Course: Structural Mechanics and Dynamics 3 (MECE09036)
Course Outline
School  School of Engineering 
College  College of Science and Engineering 
Credit level (Normal year taken)  SCQF Level 9 (Year 3 Undergraduate) 
Availability  Available to all students 
SCQF Credits  20 
ECTS Credits  10 
Summary  Structural mechanics: students will gain a basic understanding of structural modelling and stress analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate structural members to check for their strength, stability and failure problems.Structural dynamics: students will achieve competence in the methods of dynamic analysis for lumped linear systems, covering their dynamic response and vibration analysis and, uses in engineering applications.
Accreditation of Higher Education Programmes Learning Outcomes:
SM2m, EA1b, EA2, EA3b, EA1m, P3, 
Course description 
The structural mechanics part of the course will consist of:
17 1hour lectures + 5 1hour example classes;
1 laboratory session (2 hours each group of students) with 1 group assignment.
The structural dynamics part of the course will consist of:
17 1hour lectures + 5 1hour example classes;
1 laboratory session (2 hours each group of students) with 1 group assignment.
Structural mechanics:
We will focus on the behaviour of solid materials and structures under load and stress. This part includes the following elements: revision of second year core material (calculation of sectional properties), shear force and bending moment diagrams and bending stress;introduction of the ideas of structural modelling and loading actions; illustration of complex stresses on inclined sections and introduce graphical method of stress calculation; work on beams to cover practical cases of unsymmetric bending;introduction of the concept of shear centre and its calculation;introduction of the idea of strain energy;introduction of energy methods as an alternative approach to the use of differential equations in stress analysis;use of Unit Load and Castigliano's Method in solving simple structural problems.
Structural dynamics:
We will focus on mechanical vibrations of structures,which can be modelled as systems of discrete elements,thus providing the students with the tools for evaluating oscillations of realworld mechanical systems. We will investigate rigid body (lumped parameter) linear systems where the dynamic behaviour can be described using one or more spatial coordinates (single and multiple degrees of freedom systems). Students will be able to write the equation of motions of freely vibrating systems or under external exciting force in order to evaluate displacements, frequencies of oscillation, force transmitted and modes of vibration. We will be looking at issues arising from mechanical oscillations in realworld systems (i.e., IC engines, shafts, bridges and highrise buildings) and devise solutions to minimise (or maximise!) mechanical vibrations. MATLAB will be used as additional and powerful tool to facilitate the procedure to investigate the mechanical oscillations of the studied systems.
Lectures and example classes list:
1. Structural mechanics [17 lectures+ 5 example classes] Deflection of beams
L1.1: revision shear force and bending moment diagrams, bending stresses, differential equation of flexure, problem arising from discontinuities in the bending moment;
L1.2: singularity functions, application to beam deflections;
L1.3: application of singularity functions to statically indeterminate beams, the problem of discontinuous distributed loading;Analysis of complex stresses
L1.4: plane stress, transformation equations for plane stress: stress components on inclined planes, two perpendicular normal stresses, two perpendicular normal stresses accompanied by simple shear;
L1.5: principal stresses, principal planes, maximum shear stress;
L1.6: Mohr's circle for plane stress;Unsymmetrical bending
L1.7: skew loading on symmetric crosssections,
L1.8: skew loading on unsymmetrical crosssections;
L1.9: transformation of axes to find the position of principal planes, position of points of maximum stress, position of the neutral axis;Shear stresses in beams
L1.10: revision Shear stress equation, application to structural crosssections, shear flow;
L1.11: Shear centre for thin sections;Strain energy
L1.12: concept of strain energy, mechanical work, conservation of energy,strain energy in tension and shear,3D case;
L1.13: strain energy in bending and torsion,Application to beams and shafts.Combined loading;Energy methods
L1.14:energy methods in engineering, conservation of energy, complimentary strain energy,virtual force and virtual displacement;
L1.15: Unit Load Methods, Castigliano's Theorems I and II;Application of energy methods
L1.16: application to beams energy methods to curved beams;
L1.17: application to combined structures and frameworks.
Ex1.1: singularity functions applied to beams;
Ex1.2: complex stress analysis with Mohr's circle;
Ex1.3: unsymmetrical bending analysis;
Ex1.4: shear stress and shear centre examples;
Ex1.5: energy methods calculations.
2. Structural dynamics [17 lectures+ 5 example classes]
Free vibration of Single Degree of Freedom (SDF) systems
L2.01: introduction (oscillations, discrete systems, degrees of freedom, differential equations);
L2.02: basic concepts (moment of inertia, Hooke's law, Newton's second law, free body diagrams), translational simple harmonic motion (SHM), effect of gravity;
L.2.03: rotational SHM, damping in translational SDF systems, free vibration of SDF (underdamped and overdamped);
L2.04: canonical form of SDF, and rotational SDF;Forced vibration of SDF systems
L2.05: periodically forced vibration of SDF (steadystate response, amplitude and phase);
L2.06: periodically forced vibration of SDF (resonance, focus
on amplitude of vibration, plots, Q factor and bandwidth), force transmission to the support;
L2.07: motion of the base in SDF systems (moving boundary conditions and amplitude transmission);
L2.08: out of balance rotor and solutions;
L2.09: out of balance in reciprocating internal combustion engines;Multiple degree of freedom (MDF) systems
L2.10: two degree of freedom systems (2DoF) without damping free vibration;
L2.11: periodically forced vibration in 2DoF without damping, eigenvalue problems;
L2.12: 2DoF with damping, antiresonance and vibration absorbers;
L2.13: MDF systems, uncoupling (diagonalization and orthogonal modes);Nonperiodic forcing on SDF systems
L2.14: Nonperiodic forcing(impulse excitation, general nonperiodic forcing, convolution integral);
L2.15: Shock Response Spectrum (SRS), SRS of rectangular pulse, shock damping; Applications
L2.16: 2DoF applications (shaft whirling, coupled pendulums and beating);
L2.17: Selfexcited vibration, positive feedback, stickslip motion.
Ex2.01: SDF systems;
Ex2.02: solving dynamics problems using MATLAB;
Ex2.03: periodically forced vibration and force transmission;
Ex2.04: out of balance systems (formative feedback);
Ex2.05: MDF systems and nonperiodic forcing.
Accreditation of Higher Education Programmes Learning Outcomes:
SM2m, EA1b, EA2, EA3b, EA1m, P3

Information for Visiting Students
Prerequisites  Topics covered in Mechanical Engineering 1(MECE08007), or Civil Engineering 1(CIVE08001), and Structural Mechanics 2A(SCEE08002), and Dynamics 2 (MECE08009). 
High Demand Course? 
Yes 
Course Delivery Information

Academic year 2020/21, Available to all students (SV1)

Quota: None 
Course Start 
Semester 1 
Timetable 
Timetable 
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) 
Total Hours:
200
(
Lecture Hours 34,
Seminar/Tutorial Hours 10,
Supervised Practical/Workshop/Studio Hours 2,
Formative Assessment Hours 2,
Summative Assessment Hours 12,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
136 )

Assessment (Further Info) 
Written Exam
80 %,
Coursework
20 %,
Practical Exam
0 %

Additional Information (Assessment) 
Written Exam %: 80«br /»
Practical Exam %: 0«br /»
Coursework %: 20 (2laboratory group assignmentsat 10% each) 
Feedback 
Feedback on lab reports, on coursework and formative feedback. 
Exam Information 
Exam Diet 
Paper Name 
Hours & Minutes 

Main Exam Diet S1 (December)   3:00  
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
 Explain the terminology relevant to structural mechanics and mechanical oscillations;
 Analyse and calculate: complex inplane stresses on normal and inclined planes, stresses and deflections for skew loading bending problems, strain energy due to combined loading;
 Derive the mathematical models and analyse the response of single and multidegree of freedom lumped parameter linear systems under different excitation conditions;
 Describe, examine and evaluate different reallife and practical applications related to structural mechanics and mechanical oscillations;
 Use numerical software (MATLAB) to determine the dynamic response of multidegree of freedom systems.

Reading List
Structural Mechanics;
1. T. A. Philpot, Mechanics of Materials, 2014, John Wiley & Sons, SI version, Third edition, ISBN 9781118322703.
2. J.M. Gere and B.J. Goodno, Mechanics of Materials, SI version, Seventhedition, 2009, Cengage Learning, ISBN13:9780495438076.
3. A. PytelandJ. Kiusalaas,Mechanics of Materials, Second edition, 2012, CENGAGE Learning, ISBN 13978 14390 6220 3.
4. F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnstonand J.Y. Dewolf,Mechanics of Materials, Fourth edition, 2006, McGraw Hill, ISBN 0071249990.
Structural dynamics part:
Singiresu S. Rao, Mechanical Vibrations, SI version, Fifthor Sixth edition, Pearson, ISBN 9789810687120(highly recommended, also for Dynamics 4). 
Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills 
Not entered 
Keywords  Deflection of beams,complex stresses,Mohrs¿s circle,unsymmetricalbending,shear stresses 
Contacts
Course organiser  Dr Livio Gibelli
Tel: (0131 6)50 5715
Email: Livio.Gibelli@ed.ac.uk 
Course secretary  Mrs Michelle Burgos Almada
Tel:
Email: mburgos@ed.ac.uk 

