Undergraduate Course: Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling (ENVI11002)
|School||School of Geosciences
||College||College of Science and Engineering
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Year 5 Undergraduate)
||Availability||Available to all students
|Summary||The aim of the course is to provide a theoretical and practical introduction to three dimensional climate modelling. This will allow students to have an appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of climate models and for some to subsequently carry out projects which make use of climate models.
The course is structured as a set of guided readings of the text book ¿An Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling, 2nd Edition¿ by Washington and Parker.
Students will be expected to read selected parts of the text and come to the class to discuss areas where they are uncertain. The lecturer will aim to clarify areas where the class are uncertain and provide guidance and structure for the next set of readings.
9 Sessions (Block 1 & 2):
The numbers referer to sections & sub-sections in ¿An Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling¿, 2nd edition.
Session 1: Introduction.
- Course aims.
- Climate System - land and Ocean. (section 2.1, 2.2, 2.4.1-2.4.4)
Session 2: Equations of motion for the Atmosphere & the Oceans
(Students who have not studied Atmospheric Dynamics might find this session difficult)
- Governing Equations for the Atmosphere sections 3.1-3.3 (pp 49-69)
- Governing equations for the Ocean (3.8.1 & 3.8.3-3.8.4)
Session 3: Numerical solutions & the need for parameterisation
- Grid-point methods (Sections 4.1 & 4.2)
- Semi-Lagrangian methods for advection. (4.7)
Session 4: Spectral Methods
- Spectral Methods (4.4 & 4.5) + supplimentary material
Session 5: Discussion on Spectral Methods.
Session 6: Parameterisation
- Radiation () (3.6.1-3.6.5)
- Clouds (3.6.6.-3.6.9)
Session 7: Discussion on Parameterisation
Session 8: Evaluation and model use
- Sensitivity to Initial Conditions
- Simulations of Present Climate (5.1, 5.2, 5.5)
- Using Models to understand possible future climates (6.6 & 6.10)
Session 9: Discussion on evaluation and model use.
The course will be run as a set of guiding readings largely of parts of the textbook "Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling" by Washington and Parkinson supplemented by Vallis and other material. There will be nine 1-hour seminars over the semester. In six of the seminars, the lecturer will outline the key ideas for the next fortnights reading and have some discussion on the previous reading. These seminars will occur roughly fortnightly and be interspersed with four seminars organised as question and answer sessions, driven by student need. In these seminars the lecturer will help students with material that they have found difficult. Students are expected to spend 9 hours/week working through readings; doing problems etc.
The course functions on the assumption that level 11 students are mature enough to be self-learners. So students will be expected, perhaps with some guidance, to seek out additional material and read some literature.
To supplement the theoretical study practical training in how to run the Unified Model (or other climate models). (Two ½ day labs to be arranged in weeks 2-3 as appropriate).
Further Course Information
Information for Visiting Students
|High Demand Course?
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2021/22, Available to all students (SV1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 22,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||Written Exam: 50%, Course Work: 50 %, Practical Exam: 0%.
The exam will be two questions out of three. Two of the questions will be theoretical where the students can demonstrate their understanding of the theoretical concepts in the course and a third essay based one where students can demonstrate their understanding of how to use climate models and some broader reading.
The course work is a group exercise which will be assessed using a similar marking scheme to project work. Students are expected to keep a diary and individual students can receive more or less marks based on their contribution to the report. This will be assessed using peer marking moderated by the course organiser.
A modelling and analysis group exercise will be taken in weeks 3 to 10 with a group report to be handed in at 12noon, Thursday Week 11
||At each of the sessions after the first session students will be given an opportunity to discuss their reading and receive feedback from the course lecturer.
Feedback and guidance will be given during the practical modelling and analysis exercise.
||Hours & Minutes
|Main Exam Diet S1 (December)||Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling||1:30|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Have a theoretical understanding of the principals underlying three dimensional climate models
- Have a theoretical understanding of how climate models work
- Have a practical understanding of how to run a climate model
- Have a practical understanding of how to analyse climate model output
Washington and Parker (2005) 'An Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling, 2nd Edition' . University Science Books. The 2nd edition is quite different from the 1st edition.
Geoffrey K. Vallis (2017) ¿Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics¿ Cambridge University Press, 2nd Edition. Vallis makes much more use of vector calculus in some derivations than do Washington and Parker.
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||1 one-hour session per week.
|Course organiser||Prof Simon Tett
Tel: (0131 6)50 5341
|Course secretary||Ms Katerina Sykioti
Tel: (0131 6)50 5430