Undergraduate Course: Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling (ENVI11002)
Course Outline
School  School of Geosciences 
College  College of Science and Engineering 
Credit level (Normal year taken)  SCQF Level 11 (Year 5 Undergraduate) 
Availability  Available to all students 
SCQF Credits  10 
ECTS Credits  5 
Summary  The aim of the course is to provide a theoretical and practical introduction to three dimensional climate modelling. This will allow students to have an appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of climate models and for some to subsequently carry out projects which make use of climate models.
The course is structured as a set of guided readings of the text book ¿An Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling, 2nd Edition¿ by Washington and Parker.
Students will be expected to read selected parts of the text and come to the class to discuss areas where they are uncertain. The lecturer will aim to clarify areas where the class are uncertain and provide guidance and structure for the next set of readings.

Course description 
Syllabus
9 Sessions (Block 1 & 2):
The numbers referer to sections & subsections in ¿An Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling¿, 2nd edition.
Session 1: Introduction.
 Course aims.
 Climate System  land and Ocean. (section 2.1, 2.2, 2.4.12.4.4)
Session 2: Equations of motion for the Atmosphere & the Oceans
(Students who have not studied Atmospheric Dynamics might find this session difficult)
 Governing Equations for the Atmosphere sections 3.13.3 (pp 4969)
 Governing equations for the Ocean (3.8.1 & 3.8.33.8.4)
Session 3: Numerical solutions & the need for parameterisation
 Gridpoint methods (Sections 4.1 & 4.2)
 SemiLagrangian methods for advection. (4.7)
Session 4: Spectral Methods
 Spectral Methods (4.4 & 4.5) + supplimentary material
Session 5: Discussion on Spectral Methods.
Session 6: Parameterisation
 Radiation () (3.6.13.6.5)
 Clouds (3.6.6.3.6.9)
Session 7: Discussion on Parameterisation
Session 8: Evaluation and model use
 Sensitivity to Initial Conditions
 Simulations of Present Climate (5.1, 5.2, 5.5)
 Using Models to understand possible future climates (6.6 & 6.10)
Session 9: Discussion on evaluation and model use.
The course will be run as a set of guiding readings largely of parts of the textbook "Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling" by Washington and Parkinson supplemented by Vallis and other material. There will be nine 1hour seminars over the semester. In six of the seminars, the lecturer will outline the key ideas for the next fortnights reading and have some discussion on the previous reading. These seminars will occur roughly fortnightly and be interspersed with four seminars organised as question and answer sessions, driven by student need. In these seminars the lecturer will help students with material that they have found difficult. Students are expected to spend 9 hours/week working through readings; doing problems etc.
The course functions on the assumption that level 11 students are mature enough to be selflearners. So students will be expected, perhaps with some guidance, to seek out additional material and read some literature.
To supplement the theoretical study practical training in how to run the Unified Model (or other climate models). (Two ½ day labs to be arranged in weeks 23 as appropriate).
Further Course Information
https://path.is.ed.ac.uk/courses/ENVI11002_SV1_SEM1

Information for Visiting Students
Prerequisites  None 
High Demand Course? 
Yes 
Course Delivery Information

Academic year 2021/22, Available to all students (SV1)

Quota: 25 
Course Start 
Semester 1 
Timetable 
Timetable 
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) 
Total Hours:
100
(
Lecture Hours 22,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
76 )

Assessment (Further Info) 
Written Exam
50 %,
Coursework
50 %,
Practical Exam
0 %

Additional Information (Assessment) 
Written Exam: 50%, Course Work: 50 %, Practical Exam: 0%.
The exam will be two questions out of three. Two of the questions will be theoretical where the students can demonstrate their understanding of the theoretical concepts in the course and a third essay based one where students can demonstrate their understanding of how to use climate models and some broader reading.
The course work is a group exercise which will be assessed using a similar marking scheme to project work. Students are expected to keep a diary and individual students can receive more or less marks based on their contribution to the report. This will be assessed using peer marking moderated by the course organiser.
Assessment Deadlines
A modelling and analysis group exercise will be taken in weeks 3 to 10 with a group report to be handed in at 12noon, Thursday Week 11

Feedback 
At each of the sessions after the first session students will be given an opportunity to discuss their reading and receive feedback from the course lecturer.
Feedback and guidance will be given during the practical modelling and analysis exercise.

Exam Information 
Exam Diet 
Paper Name 
Hours & Minutes 

Main Exam Diet S1 (December)  Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling  1:30  
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
 Have a theoretical understanding of the principals underlying three dimensional climate models
 Have a theoretical understanding of how climate models work
 Have a practical understanding of how to run a climate model
 Have a practical understanding of how to analyse climate model output

Reading List
Essential Reading
Washington and Parker (2005) 'An Introduction to Three Dimensional Climate Modelling, 2nd Edition' . University Science Books. The 2nd edition is quite different from the 1st edition.
Further Reading
Geoffrey K. Vallis (2017) ¿Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics¿ Cambridge University Press, 2nd Edition. Vallis makes much more use of vector calculus in some derivations than do Washington and Parker.

Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills 
Not entered 
Additional Class Delivery Information 
1 onehour session per week. 
Keywords  Climate Modelling 
Contacts
Course organiser  Prof Simon Tett
Tel: (0131 6)50 5341
Email: Simon.Tett@ed.ac.uk 
Course secretary  Ms Katerina Sykioti
Tel: (0131 6)50 5430
Email: Katerina.Sykioti@ed.ac.uk 

