Undergraduate Course: CR Mackintosh: Architecture and Design in Edwardian Scotland (ARHI10041)
|School||Edinburgh College of Art
||College||College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 10 (Year 3 Undergraduate)
||Availability||Available to all students
|Summary||The course will utilise visual analyses of designs and buildings, and primary documentary sources with a view to identifying the competing strands that contributed to Mackintosh's development and approach to architecture. Recent research has disclosed some unexpectedly traditional approaches in Mackintosh's work which will lead us to consider the role various historiographies, past and current, play on how we interpret his work and reputation. For example, it has been suggested that Mackintosh was a key contributor to the Viennese Secession, and that Margaret Macdonald was responsible for the radicalism of his art and design c.1900 but are these views the result of overzealous feminist critiques or a tendency to overrate Mackintosh's international reputation?
This course will aim to place Mackintosh in the Scottish context examining the relationship between historicism, the Arts and Crafts movement and the Art Nouveau in his work. There were many interesting overlapping and competing strands in architecture in Scotland in this period: Mackintosh's own Glasgow contemporaries Gillespie and Salmond in Glasgow with sound city-based practices, Geddes and the Celtic Revival in Edinburgh, Lorimer very strongly impacting in Edinburgh and was the leading country house architect, but others such as Leiper designing for the wealthier bourgeoisie in the Borders and the west coast from Ayrshire to Argyll, and the more radical Weir Schulz for the Marquis of Bute at Mount Stuart. What is also striking in this period is the very high quality of design taking place beyond the major cities, for example, James MacLaren's work in Stirling.
Mackintosh did little outside Glasgow but more recent research discloses a wider set of involvements such as the somewhat unexpectedly restrained classicism (for an avant-garde architect) of his additions to Broughton House in 1907, and his attendance at meetings of Rowand Anderson's Scottish National Monuments Survey at the Edinburgh College of Art in 1913. So, to what extent was Mackintosh prepared to be pragmatic in order to stay in practice after the shock waves of reaction to the Glasgow School of Art died down?
The course will also examine Mackintosh's reputation. To what extent have the 1968 Mackintosh exhibition and Thomas Howarth's and Pevsner's ground breaking studies of Mackintosh as a Modernist created a reputation, and a set of expectations that overlook the more mundane aspects of his practice? In recent years there has been a tendency to suggest that Margaret Macdonald was responsible for the radicalism of his art and design c.1900 but is that sustainable from the evidence or could it be the result of overzealous feminist critiques?
The course will be delivered in illustrated lectures, and there will be at least one site visit.
Information for Visiting Students
|High Demand Course?
Course Delivery Information
|Not being delivered|
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Demonstrate knowledge of Scottish architecture and Mackintosh's c.1900.
- Demonstrate skills in critical thinking in regard to analysing textual documents and architectural drawings.
- Demonstrate verbal and writing skills for architectural description.
|Buchanan, William (1989) Mackintosh's masterwork : the Glasgow School of Art. Glasgow, Richard Drew |
Crawford, Alan(c1995)Charles Rennie Mackintosh, London : Thames and Hudson
Howarth, Thomas (1977) Charles Rennie Macintosh and the Modern Movement, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul
Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011 rev. and extended ed.), Pioneers of modern design, from William Morris to Walter Gropius, Bath : Palazzo
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||2 x 2-hour lectures per week
|Course organiser||Ms Margaret Stewart
Tel: (0131 6)51 5788
|Course secretary||Ms Ellie Wallace
Tel: (0131 6)50 2309