Undergraduate Course: Gaelic Media (CELT10057)
|School||School of Literatures, Languages and Cultures
||College||College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 10 (Year 3 Undergraduate)
||Availability||Available to all students
|Taught in Gaelic?||Yes
|Summary||This course considers the development of Gaelic print and electronic media, from the early twentieth century to the present. In addition to addressing the institutional development of these media, the course considers the role that such media play in the maintenance and revitalisation of Gaelic, as well as the broader cultural and intellectual role they play for Gaelic speakers, and they ways in which they represent and help to define Gaelic cultural identities. The course will also place the development of Gaelic media in the wider international context of minority language media in other countries, especially Ireland and Wales.
This course considers the development of Gaelic print and electronic media, from the early twentieth century to the present. In addition to addressing the institutional development of these media, the course considers the role that such media play in the maintenance and revitalisation of Gaelic, as well as the broader cultural and intellectual role they play for Gaelic speakers, and they ways in which they represent and help to define Gaelic cultural identities.
The course will cover the following topics: the role of media in minority language policy and planning; Gaelic print media, 1900¿present; Gaelic radio broadcasting and the creation of Radio nan Gàidheal; the development of Gaelic television broadcasting and the creation of BBC Alba; other contemporary Gaelic electronic media; genres and audiences for Gaelic media; current challenges; and international comparative perspectives, including the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and OSCE guidelines.
Information for Visiting Students
|High Demand Course?
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2022/23, Available to all students (SV1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 22,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||Essay (3000 words) (35%) Presentation (15 minutes) and write-up of presentation (25%) Take home end of course assignment (3 questions x 500 words), 7 days to complete (30%) Participation (based on journal contribution) (10%)
|No Exam Information
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- demonstrate a clear understanding of the development of Gaelic print and electronic media from the early twentieth century to the present;
- demonstrate a deeper understanding of the role of these media in contemporary language policy and planning for Gaelic;
- demonstrate an understanding of the way in which Gaelic media represent and help to define Gaelic identities, and how they contribute to cultural and intellectual life in Gaelic communities.
- demonstrate competence in transferable skills, e.g. critical evaluation of source material, independent reading, coherent and clearly structured writing, oral presentation, group discussion, time management.
|BBC Trust (2007). Gaelic Digital Service: Public Value Test provisional conclusions. London: BBC Trust. |
BBC Trust (2008). Gaelic Digital Service: Public Value Test final conclusions. London: BBC Trust.
BBC Trust (2010). BBC ALBA review: Final conclusions. London: BBC Trust.
BBC Trust (2011). Service Review of the BBC's national radio stations in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales: Findings, Radio nan Gàidheal. London: BBC Trust.
Caimbeul, Dòmhnall and Green, Eilean (2010). 'Observations on Bilingualism in Digital Media', in Strategies for Minority Languages: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and Scotland, ed. by John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill, 180-87. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona.
Comunn na Gàidhlig (1988). Towards a Gaelic Television Service. Inverness: Comunn na Gàidhlig.
Comunn na Gàidhlig (1989). The Case for a Gaelic Broadcasting Service: Response to the White Paper 'Broadcasting in the 90s'. Inverness: Comunn na Gàidhlig.
Cormack, Mike (1995). 'The Use of Gaelic in Scottish Newspapers'. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 16, 269-80.
Cormack, Mike (2003). 'The Case for a Weekly Gaelic Newspaper in Scotland', in John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill (eds.), Towards Our Goals in Broadcasting, the Press, the Performing Arts and the Economy: Minority Languages in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. 95-99.
Cormack, Mike (2004). 'Gaelic in the Media'. Scottish Affairs, 46, 23-43.
Cormack, Mike (2005). 'The cultural politics of minority language media'. International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, 1, 107-22.
Cormack, Mike (2006). 'The media, language maintenance and Gaelic', in Wilson McLeod (ed.), Revitalising Gaelic in Scotland. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press. 211-19.
Cormack, Mike (2008). 'Gaelic, the Media and Scotland', in Neil Blain and David Hutchison (eds.), The Media in Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 213-26
Cormack, Mike (2010). 'Gaelic in the New Digital Landscape', in Gillian Munro & Iain Mac an Tàilleir (eds.), Coimhearsnachdan Gàidhlig An-diugh / Gaelic Communities Today. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press. 127-37.
Cormack, Mike and Niamh Hourigan, eds. (2007). Minority Language Media: Concepts, Critiques and Case Studies. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Dunbar, Robert and Tom Moring (2012). 'Article 11. Media', in Iñigo Urrutia et al (eds), The Interpretation and Implementation of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. 373-424.
Dunbar, Robert (2012). 'BBC ALBA and the Evolution of Gaelic Television Broadcasting: A Case Study'. European Yearbook of Minority Issues 9, 2010, 389-418.
Dunn, David (1998-99). 'Clinging to the Edge: Hebridean Representations in the Television Series Machair'. Media Education Journal, 25, 53-59.
Fishman, Joshua A. (1991). Reversing Language Shift: Theoretical and Empirical Foundations of Assistance to Threatened Languages. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Fishman, Joshua A., ed. (2001). Can Threatened Languages Be Saved? Reversing Language Shift, Revisited: A 21st Century Perspective. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Fraser, Neil (1998). A Review of Aspects of Gaelic Broadcasting. Report by Fraser Production and Consultancy for the Scottish Office Education and Industry Department, Arts and Cultural Heritage Division.
Gaelic Broadcasting Task Force (2000). Gaelic Broadcasting Task Force Report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Executive
Gillies, Donald J. (2010). 'Media Ecology for the Gàidhealtachd', in Kenneth E Nilsen, (ed.), Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig 5: Fifth Scottish Gaelic Research Conference. Sydney, NS: Cape Breton University Press. 311-21.
Jones, Elin Haf Gruffyd and Enrique Uribe-Jongbloed (eds.) (2013). Social Media and Minority Languages: Convergence and the Creative Industries. Cleveden: Multilingual Matters.
Lamb, William (1999). 'A Diachronic Account of Gaelic News-speak: The Development and Expansion of a Register'. Scottish Gaelic Studies, 19, 141-71.
Lang, Alison (2011). 'Cleachdadh na Gàidhlig san Ionad-obrach: MG ALBA', in Richard A.V. Cox agus Timothy Currie Armstrong (eds.), A' Cleachdadh na Gàidhlig: slatan-tomhais ann an dìon cànain sa choimhearsnachd. Slèite, An t-Eilean Sgitheanach: Clò Ostaig. 167-178.
Lèirsinn Research Centre (2011). BBC Trust's Review of Nations' Radio Stations: BBC Radio nan Gàidheal. Sleat, Isle of Skye: Lèirsinn Research Centre.
MacKay, John A. (2009). 'Gaelic-medium Broadcasting and the Economy', in John M. Kirk and Dónall Ó Baoill (eds.), Language and Economic Development: Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. 175-82.
MacNeil, Catherine Ann (2003). 'The State of Gaelic Broadcasting in Scotland: Critical Issues and Audience Concerns', in John M. Kirk and Dónall P. Ó Baoill (eds.), Towards Our Goals in Broadcasting, the Press, the Performing Arts and the Economy: Minority Languages in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Scotland. Belfast: Cló Ollscoil na Banríona. 60-66.
MacPherson, John A. (1998-2000). 'The Development of Gaelic Broadcasting'. Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, 61, 251-79.
Milligan, Lindsay (2008). ''Where Have All the Lassies Gone?' An Examination of Proportionate Representation in Scotland's Gaelic Television Programming', in Shane Alcobia-Murphy and Margaret Maxwell (eds.), The Enclave of My Nation: Cross-Currents in Irish and Scottish Studies. Aberdeen: AHRC Centre for Irish and Scottish Studies. 149-61.
Milligan, Lindsay, Douglas Chalmers, Mike Danson, and Alison Lang (2011). 'BBC ALBA's contributions to Gaelic language planning efforts for reversing language shift'. Current Issues in Language Planning, 12:3, 349-361.
O'Connell, Eithne, John Walsh and Gearóid Denvir (eds.) (2008). TG4@10: Deich mBliana de TG4 - Ten Years of TG4. Indreabhain: Cló Iar-Chonnachta.
O'Donnell, Hugh (2001-02). 'Peripheral Fissions? Soap Operas and Identity in Scotland, Ireland and the Basque Country'. EnterText, 2.1
The Scottish Parliament, Education, Culture and Sport Committee / Comataidh an Fhoghlaim, a' Chultair agus an Spòrs (2001). Report on the Gaelic Broadcasting Committee / Aithisg air Comataidh Craolaidh Gàidhlig. 14th Report 2001, SP Paper 473, Session 1 (2001)
Stewart, Ann (2010). 'The Role of New Media in Scotland's Gaelic Digital Service', in Kenneth E. Nilsen (ed.), Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig 5: Fifth Scottish Gaelic Research Conference. Sydney, NS: Cape Breton University Press. 349-54.
Veljanovski, Cento (1989). The Case for a Gaelic Broadcasting Service. Inverness: Highlands and Islands Development Board.
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
|Course organiser||Prof Robert Dunbar
Tel: (0131 6)50 3621
|Course secretary||Mrs Vivien MacNish Porter
Tel: (0131 6)50 3528