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DRPS : Course Catalogue : School of Engineering : Civil

Undergraduate Course: Structural Analysis 3 (CIVE09036)

Course Outline
SchoolSchool of Engineering CollegeCollege of Science and Engineering
Credit level (Normal year taken)SCQF Level 9 (Year 3 Undergraduate) AvailabilityAvailable to all students
SCQF Credits20 ECTS Credits10
SummaryThis course introduces the classical methods of analysis for statically indeterminate structures, especially structures comprising line elements, namely beam, truss and frame structures. It firstly extends from earlier structural mechanics knowledge on deflection of beams to the general analysis of deflections in statically determinate structures, with an emphasis on the method of virtual work. This is followed by the analysis of indeterminate structures using the force method (flexibility method); analysis of indeterminate structures using the displacement method, including the slope-deflection method and moment distribution method. It then proceeds to the matrix stiffness method for structural analysis using the direct stiffness approach, and the general aspects of structural modelling and computer analysis. The course provides a comprehensive cover of the fundamental principles, analysis techniques and practical skills that are required in modern structural analysis applications. Students will also develop a deep appreciation of the interlinks between different methods of structural analysis.
Course description Topic 1 Course Introduction: From members and sections to structures; Fundamental structural analysis principles and indeterminacy; Analysis of deflections in determinate structures using Energy Methods - Principle of work and energy, method of virtual work and applications; Beam deflections by discontinuity functions (Macaulay brackets).

Topic 2 Analysis of statically indeterminate structures by the force method: Concept of force method; Maxwell's theorem of reciprocal displacements; Application of virtual work method (or a suitable alternative method) to calculate displacements and flexibility coefficients in the primary structure; Matrix flexibility equations and solution. Basic matrix algebra and matrix operations.

Topic 3 Displacement method of analysis (I): Displacement method of analysis - general procedures; Slope-Deflection equations and application on beams and frames (No Sidesway and with Sidesway).

Topic 4 Displacement method of analysis (II): Moment distribution; General principles and definitions; Moment distribution for beams; Stiffness-factor modifications; Moment distribution for frames - No Sidesway; Moment Distribution for Frames - Sidesway.

Topic 5 Direct stiffness method (I) - Beams: Fundamentals of the stiffness method; Beam-member stiffness matrix; Assembling of stiffness matrix; Member loads; Matrix solutions.

Topic 6 Direct stiffness method (II) -Trusses: Local and Global axis systems; Truss member stiffness matrix; Displacement and force transformation matrices; Member global stiffness matrix; Assembling of truss stiffness matrix; Matrix solutions.

Topic 7 Direct stiffness method (III) -Frames: Frame-member stiffness matrix; displacement and force transformation matrices; Frame-member global stiffness matrix; Assembling of frame stiffness matrix; Matrix solutions. Unit displacement approach to formulation of stiffness matrices and example applications. Further discussion of DOFs.

Topic 8 Structural modelling and computer analysis:General structural modelling; Modelling a structure and its members; Loads and load combinations; General Application of a structural analysis computer program; Verification and interpretation of results; Limitation of linear elastic analysis and what's next. Briefing of computer labs.

Summary and revision .

Computer labs: Software practice and computer analysis project.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Pre-requisites Students MUST have passed: Structural Mechanics 2 (CIVE08026)
Prohibited Combinations Other requirements None
Information for Visiting Students
Pre-requisitesStudents need a prior understanding of structural mechanics and/or mechanics of materials at a level equivalent to Structural Mechanics 2.
High Demand Course? Yes
Course Delivery Information
Academic year 2022/23, Available to all students (SV1) Quota:  None
Course Start Semester 1
Timetable Timetable
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) Total Hours: 200 ( Lecture Hours 34, Seminar/Tutorial Hours 9, Supervised Practical/Workshop/Studio Hours 16, Formative Assessment Hours 2, Summative Assessment Hours 3, Revision Session Hours 2, Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4, Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours 130 )
Assessment (Further Info) Written Exam 80 %, Coursework 20 %, Practical Exam 0 %
Additional Information (Assessment) Written Exam %: 80
Practical Exam %:
Coursework %: 20
Feedback 1.Start, Stop, Continue during semester
2.Seminar discussion /cross-checking session at mid-term
3.Computer project coursework at end of semester
Exam Information
Exam Diet Paper Name Hours & Minutes
Main Exam Diet S1 (December)3:00
Resit Exam Diet (August)3:00
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
  1. Describe the concepts of static and kinematic indeterminacies of structures, and their roles in structural analysis;
  2. Analyse deflections (of determinate structures) using the principle of virtual work & other suitable techniques, and in conjunction with the flexibility method calculate the redundant support reactions in statically indeterminate beams and simple truss and frame structures by hand;
  3. Calculate the bending moments and shear forces for statically indeterminate beams and frames by hand, using the Slope-Deflection method / Moment Distribution method, and construct the internal force diagrams.
  4. Apply the matrix stiffness methods to analyse the deformations and forces in a variety of 2D structures, including beams, plane trusses and plane frames, and carry out checks and interpret results in connection with basic mechanics of structures;
  5. Carry out linear elastic modelling and analysis of 2D framed structures using structural analysis software.
Reading List
- Russell C. Hibbeler, Structural Analysis, 9th edition,
- McGuire W., Gallagher R.J. and Ziemian R.D.,
Matrix Structural Analysis, 2nd edition. John
Wiley & Sons, 2000/2015 (new print).
- Coates, R.C., Coutie, M.G. & Kong, F.K., Structrural
analysis, 3rd edition, Van Nostrand Reinhold (UK),
Wokingham, (1988).
Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills Not entered
KeywordsNot entered
Course organiserProf Yong Lu
Course secretaryMiss Paulina Wisniowska
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