Postgraduate Course: New developments in epidemiology and the control of vector borne disease (INAH11007)
|School||Deanery of Biomedical Sciences
||College||College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate)
||Availability||Not available to visiting students
|Summary||This course aims to promote an understanding of the causation, transmission and control of vector-borne disease.
Livestock play a pivotal role in the livelihoods of communities in rural Africa and thus factors affecting the health and productivity of livestock are important constraints in the development and wellbeing of such communities. In sub-Saharan Africa, diseases transmitted by ticks and tsetse are important causes of mortality and morbidity in livestock; tsetse-borne trypanosomiasis has been estimated to cost Africa US$4.5 billion a year and East Coast Fever, transmitted by ticks, has been estimated at US$ 168 million.
Historically, research and control of tick- and tsetse-borne diseases were under the auspices of somewhat distinct groups with control of the various diseases and vectors often the responsibility of separate veterinary and entomology departments. Recently, however, control of tsetse- and tick-borne diseases is becoming increasingly integrated due to:-
1. Privatisation and reduction of government veterinary and extension services, with animal health inputs devolving from the level of government agencies to that of individual farmers and livestock keepers.
2. Increasing recognition of the need for integrated disease control rather than control of individual diseases; this applies to prevention, control, diagnosis and therapy wherein there are many potential synergies to be exploited through integration.
3. Increasing awareness and availability of technologies that impinge on both types of disease, particularly pyrethroid insecticides that are effective against ticks and tsetse and, to some extent, genetically resistant cattle such as N¿dama.
While it is apparent that integration is happening, there is scant information on the epidemiological, social and economic implications of this trend. And in particular, concern is attached to the impact that widespread use of pyrethroid-treated cattle may have on prevalence and severity of major tick-borne diseases, especially for poorer livestock-owning communities.
The diseases and their vectors, past and present tick and tsetse control in Africa, epidemiological aspects of vector-borne diseases, future directions in tick and tsetse control in Africa and policy issues and information provision for integrated tsetse- and tick-borne disease control
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
||Other requirements|| None
|Additional Costs|| Students will be required to have regular access to a networked computer, and will be responsible for providing their own computing equipment and consumables.
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2022/23, Not available to visiting students (SS1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 10,
Online Activities 30,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|Additional Information (Assessment)
||Formal summative written assessment will constitute 60% of the student's grade. Online discussion in both a synchronous and asynchronous environment will contribute further to the final mark. In combination with the submission of electronic course assignments, these elements will provide the remaining 40% of the final mark.
||Summative assessment consists of one written assessment, worth 60% of the total mark, and an online element worth 40%. In each case, comprehensive written feedback is provided individually within 15 working days of the assessment deadline. Students are expected to reflect on their feedback, to seek additional clarification if appropriate, and to use this to improve on future assignments of a similar nature.
Formative assessment consists of discussion around what is expected of each piece of assessed work for the course. This is conducted in a discussion forum for all students to contribute to and provides an opportunity to clearly understand the key requirements for each assignment before submission. Any student can post questions about the assignment and a response will be posted on the discussion board by the course tutor within 3 working days
|No Exam Information
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Describe parasite transmission dynamics between vectors and hosts
- Evaluate transmission dynamics as a basis for control strategies
- Interpret current and novel approaches to vector control
- Critically assess the effect of climate change on disease vectors and distribution
- Discuss socioeconomic considerations in the control of vector-borne diseases
|No specific reading material, students are pointed to recent peer reviewed articles that will be made available on a weekly basis|
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
||Graduate attributes: Skills and abilities in Research and Enquiry
To be able to exercise critical judgment in creating new understanding of international animal health issues
To be able to critically assess existing understanding and the limitations of their own knowledge and recognise the need to regularly challenge their knowledge and understanding by keeping abreast of current developments as part of a regular routine of self motivated continuing professional development
Students will have been taught the skills on where to search for up to date information that is relevant to their working environment and academic interests.
To have an informed respect for the principles, methods, standards, values and boundaries of their discipline(s) and the capacity to question these
On graduating our students will be able to recognise the importance of reflecting on their learning experiences and be aware of any limitations and how to address these.
Graduate Attributes: Skills and abilities in Personal and Intellectual Autonomy
To be open to new ideas, methods and ways of thinking. This is encouraged by the diverse portfolio of courses that the graduate may have chosen to include in their learning experience, challenging themselves both within their current sphere and also outside their normal comfort zone.
To be creative and imaginative thinkers, a feature that will have been enhanced by the variety of assessment methods though which they have been challenged to present, re-imagine, or discuss their learning materials.
Part-time, online learners will have learnt to be able to identify processes and strategies for learning. There is no rigid structure to their learning environment, beyond the established deadlines for continuous assessment. It is for the student to adapt their own circumstances to meet the challenges for this programme, continuous reflection; self-evaluation and self-improvement are fundamental skills in this process. This ensures an independent approach to assimilating knowledge and the knowledge of where to find relevant, additional resources and information.
The self selective student cohort, are all working professionals with a clear vision of where this qualification will place them within their own career pathways. The pace of learning and the support of a similarly minded cohort help ensure that these goals are achieved in a sustainable manner.
Graduate Attributes: Skills and abilities in Communication
To make effective use of written and visual means to critique, negotiate, create and communicate understanding. While oral skills are encouraged, until we are certain that the use of these technologies in our online programmes will not prohibit the contribution of any student due to their geographical circumstances, this suite of technologies has not been fully implemented.
The use of communication as a tool for collaborating and relating to others is vital in these online programmes, the vast majority of information is text based and students must be able to clearly present their thoughts, ideas and the logical progression of a discussion to one another.
Seek and value open feedback to inform genuine self-awareness. While on programme students are also encourage to participate in peer review, providing open and honest feedback in a clear and supportive manner. This open dialogue is vital in furthering the understanding of how their own performance might be improved.
Recognise the benefits of communicating with those beyond their immediate environments
Use effective communication to articulate their skills as identified through self-reflection.
Graduate Attributes: Skills and abilities in Personal Effectiveness
The development of confidence in their own skill set, and to appreciate and use their talents constructively, this is taken to include the ability to make decisions based on their understandings and their personal and intellectual autonomy
To create and harness collaborative opportunities through the development of professional networks, and knowledge of potential funding streams and other financial opportunities
To be able to flexibly transfer their knowledge, learning, skills and abilities from one context to another
To understand social, cultural, global and environmental responsibilities and issues though membership of a global community of practise. This community encourages students to work together to capitalise on their different thinking, experience and skills in order to progress their knowledge and understanding.
To work with, manage, and lead others in ways that value their diversity and equality and that encourage their contribution to the organisation and the wider community
3. Autonomy, Accountability and Working with others
||This courses will be taught entirely by distance learning, using the virtual learning environment Learn as the delivery platform. Course materials are protected by secure username and password access, that will be made available to registered users.
|Additional Class Delivery Information
||This course will be delivered online through Learn.
|Course organiser||Dr Ewan MacLeod
Tel: (0131 6)51 1694
|Course secretary||Ms Deborah Walker
Tel: (0131 6)51 1513