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DRPS : Course Catalogue : School of Engineering : Civil

Undergraduate Course: Water Engineering, Transport and Treatment 3 (CIVE09035)

Course Outline
SchoolSchool of Engineering CollegeCollege of Science and Engineering
Credit level (Normal year taken)SCQF Level 9 (Year 3 Undergraduate) AvailabilityAvailable to all students
SCQF Credits20 ECTS Credits10
SummaryThis course is a natural extension of the hydrological component of Environmental Engineering and Sustainability 2 and the hydraulic component Fluid Mechanics 2. The course covers: the practical considerations arising from the demand for water from community development; water transport in pipe systems and open-channels; modern treatment processes for water, wastewater and sludge; effluent disposal; river pollution. It provides Civil Engineers with the necessary tools to design a Water or Wastewater Treatment Plant, essential knowledge for the 4th Year Design Project on Potable Water. This course is intended to: provide insight into the fundamental problems of water transport, and water and wastewater treatment engineering; develop understanding of steady flow in pipe systems, pipe networks,pumping mains, and open channels; outline the methods for the production of potable water,wastewater treatment for safe disposal, and the fundamental design of treatment works.
Course description Flow in Pipes (12 hours of lectures and class examples)

1 Fundamentals of hydrodynamics and steady flow in pipes (3hours)
Revision of 2nd year fluid mechanics: energy balance and graphical representation of Energy and Hydraulic grade lines; localized dissipations; hydraulically-long pipes and hydraulic functioning of gravity mains

2 Pipe networks: schemes of aqueducts with pipes in series and parallel (3hours) Supply and storage reservoirs: design and verification problem; distributed and emergency supply to user and reservoir systems;

3 Pipe networks: schemes of aqueducts with branched and loop systems (3 hours)Branched systems and economic criterion to solve hydraulically undetermined problems; design of open branched networks; Looped systems, design and verification: the Hardy-Cross method;

4 Pumped and Sewer systems (3hours)Pumped systems and application examples in Civil Engineering; pumps and pump-pipe characteristics; start and stop operation
schemes; hydraulic design of pumped systems; Partially full pipes and applications to sewer systems: schemes of dendritic networks, sewer surcharging and flooding.

Flow in Open Channels (12 hours of lectures and class examples)

1. Introduction to open channel flow: Friction in long channels, Steady uniform flow in a sloping channel, Ch├ęzy and Manning formulae, Frictionless flow in horizontal channels
2. Flow transitions: Froude number, Subcritical, supercritical, and critical flow modes, Velocity of surface waves in short open channels;Specific energy and critical depth concepts,Transitional flows in open channels, The hydraulic jump
3. Flow regulation: Flow measurement in an open channel,Gradually varied flow in open channels and hydraulic structures.

Water Treatment (10 hours of lectures and class examples)

1 Coagulation and Flocculation (4 hours)Colloidal Suspension; Coagulants; Operation of Coagulation and Flocculation Processes; The Jar Test.

2 Clarification (2 hours) Operation and different types of clarification processes.

3 Coarse Media Filtration, Waste and Disinfection(2 hours)Principals of Granular Media Filtration; Slow Sand Filtration; Rapid Gravity Filtration; Dual and Multi-Media Gravity Filtration; Backwashing; Air Scouring;
4 Waste and Disinfection (2 hours) Disinfection(Chlorination); Sludge Treatment; Hardness Removal.

Municipal Wastewater Treatment(10 hours of lectures and class examples)

1 Pollution in Natural Water Resources (3 hours) Biological Oxygen Demand and Other Methods of Assessing Oxygen Demand; Organic Stream Pollution and the Sag Curve; Effluent Discharge Standards;

2 Sewerage Systems and Wastewater Treatment ,Pre-treatment and Primary Treatment (2 hour)Introduction to Wastewater Treatment (physical operations; chemical operations; biological processes); Pre-treatment (screens) and Primary treatment (settling tanks).

3 Secondary Treatment in Wastewater Treatment ,Biological Processes (3 hours)Process Microbiology and Kinetics of Microbial Processes; Aerobic, Anaerobic and Anoxic Biological Treatment Processes; Activated Sludge.Theory of suspended Culture Reactors; F:M Ratio and its use In Design; Mean Cell Residence Time and its use in Design; Design and Operation of the Activated Sludge Process; Effect of Temperature on Design.

4 Secondary Treatment in Wastewater Treatment ,Biological Processes (2 hours)Fixed Film Reactors,Trickling Filters, Rotating Biological Contactors.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Pre-requisites Students MUST have passed: Fluid Mechanics 2 (SCEE08003)
Prohibited Combinations Other requirements None
Additional Costs Yes: Personal Protective Equipment, all Civil Students will have these from Year 2. New/Visiting students will be required to purchase these with an approximate cost of 30GBP.
Information for Visiting Students
Pre-requisitesStudents need a prior understanding of fluid mechanics which would be adequately gained via enrolment on any civil engineering degree programme. The course is not suitable for non-engineers.
High Demand Course? Yes
Course Delivery Information
Academic year 2023/24, Available to all students (SV1) Quota:  None
Course Start Semester 1
Timetable Timetable
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) Total Hours: 200 ( Lecture Hours 33, Seminar/Tutorial Hours 11, Feedback/Feedforward Hours 3, Formative Assessment Hours 1, Summative Assessment Hours 3, Revision Session Hours 1, Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4, Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours 144 )
Assessment (Further Info) Written Exam 80 %, Coursework 20 %, Practical Exam 0 %
Feedback 1.Start, Stop, Continue during semester
2.Formative Assessment submissions during thesemester
3.Laboratory Report submissionsduring the semester
Exam Information
Exam Diet Paper Name Hours & Minutes
Main Exam Diet S1 (December)2:30
Resit Exam Diet (August)2:30
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
  1. Interpret, illustrate and calculate basic flow quantities concerning steady flow in pipes and open channels;
  2. Develop a robust methodology to interpret and solve simple verification and design problems for Civil Engineering hydraulic applications;
  3. Link the different qualities of potable water resources to the basic objectives of potable water treatment and the need for water quality standards for drinking water and for wastewater effluent disposal based on common water and wastewater quality parameters;
  4. Describe and demonstrate basic knowledge of key principles underlying different water, wastewater and sludge treatment processes and carry out process design.
Reading List
Water Quality & Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill, James Edzwald(Editor), American Water Works Association(AWWA)

Water Treatment Plant Design, 5thEdition, Stephen Randtke & Michael Horsley (Editors), McGraw-Hill, the American Water Works Association (AWWA), The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

Chadwick, A., Morfett J., and Borthwick, M. (2004) Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering, 4th Edition, Spon.

Chow V.T. (1959) Open-Channel Hydraulics, McGraw-Hill.

Massey, B.S. and Ward-Smith, J. (2006) Mechanics of Fluids, 8th Edition, Taylor & Francis.
Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills Not entered
KeywordsFluid Mechanics,Water Transport,Water and Wastewater Treatment,Pollution,Flow in pipes
Course organiserDr Athanasios Angeloudis
Tel: (0131 6)51 7113
Course secretaryMs Jennifer Reilly
Tel: (01316) 517073
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