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DRPS : Course Catalogue : School of Divinity : Divinity

Undergraduate Course: Peacebuilding, Religion and the Arts (DIVI10049)

Course Outline
SchoolSchool of Divinity CollegeCollege of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
Credit level (Normal year taken)SCQF Level 10 (Year 3 Undergraduate) AvailabilityAvailable to all students
SCQF Credits20 ECTS Credits10
SummaryIn Peacebuilding and the Arts students are encouraged to analyse in detail the relationship between peacebuilding and the arts, and the role of religion in this interaction. Through this analysis and engagement with both case studies and pertinent secondary literature, students will investigate the ambivalent role of the arts in the peacebuilding and its complex evolving relationship to lived religion and local/public theologies.
Course description Academic Description:
The aim of this interdisciplinary course is to enable students to be able to research and to analyse in detail a range arts including the visual arts (e.g. paintings, sculptures, murals), film, photography, music, literature, theatre and dance, that have emerged out of a variety of historical and cultural settings. Through this analysis and engagement with specific artwork and pertinent secondary literature, students will investigate the ambivalent role of the arts in peacebuilding and its complex relation to religion and diverse theologies. Detailed analysis will focus upon how individual works can contribute to building peace, and interact with religious traditions, beliefs and practices.

Syllabus/Content Outline:
Different kinds of art created will be considered in detail, including: visual arts (weeks 1-2), photography (week 3), film (5-6), theatre and dance (7-8), literature (9-10), and music (11). These case studies will be based upon one introductory week (1), which will lay the theoretical and practical foundations for the analysis and case studies that follow. Students will be strongly encouraged by the end of the first two weeks to have read set Introductory texts to lay the necessary theoretical foundations.

Student Learning Experience:
The course involves one two-hour seminar per week and one one-hour tutorial in smaller groups. The full class seminar (2hrs) will consist of a combination of interactive lecture-style presentations, discussion and analysis of both the primary and secondary texts. Students will be required to research and then present to the class example relevant to the week's theme. The smaller tutorial groups (1hr) will provide the opportunity for students to discuss the week's set text(s) in greater detail. Each student will normally be required to give a short presentation on the text for the day at one tutorial during the semester. Through participation in seminars, prepared readings and tutorial discussions, as well as through the written work included in the assessment schedule, students will demonstrate their achievement of the intended learning outcomes.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Pre-requisites Co-requisites
Prohibited Combinations Students MUST NOT also be taking Peacebuilding, Religion and the Arts (THET10076)
Other requirements Students who have previously taken the following course MUST NOT enroll: Peacebuilding, Religion and the Arts (THET10076)
Information for Visiting Students
Pre-requisitesVisiting students interested in the relation between the arts and peacebuilding, and the role of the religion in this interaction, would benefit from this course.
High Demand Course? Yes
Course Delivery Information
Not being delivered
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
  1. Analyse and interpret the role of visual art, photographs, literature, music, theatre and dance, in peacebuilding in a critical, discerning and imaginative fashion, with particular reference to lived religion and local theologies.
  2. Summarise, compare and critically discuss specific uses of individual works of art in peacebuilding and their interaction with lived religion and local theologies. Engage explicitly with significant & relevant literature, & where interpreters disagree students should be able to rehearse debates & adjudicate between differing accounts.
  3. Draw upon different appropriate critical approaches when interpreting the religious themes within the set works of art.
  4. Demonstrate an ability to identify and understand key terms, concepts and themes, as well as good judgement about how to assess the relative importance of items on course bibliographies, especially in relation to the set texts.
  5. Develop transferable skills in research, presentation, discussion and communication in a group context, especially in relation peacebuilding and the arts, in relation to the role of lived religion and local/public theologies.
Reading List
Indicative Secondary Bibliography (* = Priority Texts):

Abu-Nimer, Mohammed, ed. Reconciliation, Justice and Co-existence. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2001.

Ahn, Byeung-mu. Christ in the Midst of Minjung Event. Seoul, Korea: Theological Study Institute, 1989.

Antony, Adolf, 'What Does Peace Literature Do? An Introduction to the Genre and Its Criticism'. The
Canadian Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies 42: 1-2 (2010): 9-21.

* Appleby, Scott, The Ambivalence of the Sacred: Religion, Violence, and Reconciliation. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.

Appleyard, Bryan. The Pleasures of Peace: Art and Imagination in Post-War Britain (London, UK: Faber &
Faber, 1989).

Armstrong, Karen, Fields of Blood: Religion & the History of Violence. London: Vintage, 2015.

Ayindo, Babu, 'Arts Approaches to Peace: Playing Our Way to Transcendence?'. In Peacebuilding in Traumatized Societies, edited by Barry Hart, 185-203. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2008.

Banks, M. H. and Christopher Mitchell. Handbook of Conflict resolution: The Analytical Problem-Solving Approach. London: Pinter, 1996.

Baum, Gregory and Harold Wells, eds., The Reconciliation of Peoples: Challenge to the Churches. New York, Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1997.

Beckles Willson, Rachel. Orientalism and Musical Mission: Palestine and the West. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Biggar, Nigel. 'Forgiving Enemies in Ireland', Journal of Religious Ethics 36.4.Dec 2008: pp559-579 and two responses to 'Forgiving Enemies in Ireland', Journal of Religious Ethics 36.4 (Dec 2008) pp.581-593.

Biggar, Nigel. Burying the Past: Making Peace and Doing Justice After Civil Conflict. 2nd Edn. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2003.

Browning, Robert L. and Roy A. Reed, Forgiveness, Reconciliation and Moral Courage: Motives and Designs for Ministry in a Troubled World. Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 2004.

Boesak, Allan Aubrey. Dare we Speak of Hope? Searching for a Language of Life in Faith and Politics. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans, 2014.

Brudholm, Thomas, Resentment's Journey: Jean Améry and the Refusal to Forgive, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2008.

Cejka, Mary Ann, Thomas Bamat. Eds. Artisans of Peace: Grassroots Peacemaking Among Christian Communities. New York: Orbis Books, 2003.

Clark N. and W. Worger, South Africa: the Rise and Fall of Apartheid, Harlow, UK: Pearson, 2004.
Chandler, David, Peacebuilding: The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1997-2017, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Coburn, Clare. 'Storytelling as a Peacebuilding Method'. In The Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology, edited by Daniel J. Christie. Malden, MA and Oxford UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Published online:

Cohen, Cynthia et al, Acting Together: Performance and the Creative Transformation of Conflict, Volume 2 (Oakland, CA: New Village Press, 2011).

Cortright, David. Peace: A History of Movements and Ideas, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Curle, Adam. Tools for Transformation. London: Hawthorn Press, 1990.

Danaher, W.J., 'Music that will bring back the dead? Resurrection, reconciliation, and restorative justice in post-Apartheid South Africa'. Journal of Religious Ethics. January 2010. vol. 38. no. 1: pp. 115-41.

de Gruchy, John W. Reconciliation: Restoring Justice. Canterbury, UK: SCM Press, 2002.

de Gruchy, John W. Christianity, Art, and Transformation: Theological Aesthetics in the Struggle for Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Gittings, John. The Glorious Art of Peace: from Iliad to Iraq. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Gittings, John. 'Icons of War and Peace'. In The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, edited by Nigel Young. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Dower, John W. and John Junkerman, eds. The Hiroshima Murals: the Art of Iri Maruki and Toshi Maruki. Tokyo, JP: Kodansha International, 1985.

Fisher, Ronald J., Interactive Conflict Resolution. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1997.

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Translated by Myra Ramos. London, UK: Continuum, 2000 [1970].

*Gittings, John The Glorious Art of Peace (Oxford University Press, 2012)

Hurley, Michael, ed. Reconciliation in Religion and Society. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies, 1994.

Koshland, Lynn, and Jean La Sarre Gardner. Peace through Dance/movement Therapy: a Violence Prevention Program for Elementary School Children. United States: Self-Published, 2003.

Jamil, Ahmed Syed. 'Wishing for a World without 'Theatre for Development': Demystifying the Case of Bangladesh'. Research in Drama Education 7: 2 (2002): 207-219.

Janes, Dominic and Alex Houen, editors Martyrdom and Terrorism: Pre-Modern to Contemporary Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Jenkins, Philip, The Great and Holy War: How World War One Changed Religion for Ever. New York: Harper One, 2014.

Parker, Stephen G. and Tom Lawson, editors, God and War: The Church of England and Armed Conflict in the Twentieth Century (Farnham: Ashgate, 2012).

John Paul II, 'Post-Synodal Exhortation: Reconciliation and Penance',

Johnston, Douglas and Cynthia Sampson eds. Religion the Missing Dimension of Statecraft. New York: OUP, 1994.

* Kim, Sebastian, Pauline Kollontai and Sue Yore, Mediating Peace: Reconciliation through Visual Art, Music and Film, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2015.

Kollontai, Pauline, Sue Yore and Sebastian Kim, The Role of Religion in Peacebuilding: Crossing the Boundaries of Prejudice and Distrust, London: Jessica Kingsley, 2018.

LeBaron, Michelle, Carrie MacLeod, and Andrew Floyer Acland. The Choreography of Resolution: Conflict, Movement, and Neuroscience. Chicago, IL.: American Bar Association, Section of Dispute Resolution, 2013.

* Lederach, John Paul. Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1997.

* Lederach, John Paul. Little Book of Conflict Transformation. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 2003.

* Lederach, John Paul. The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace. New York: OUP, 2010.

* Lederach, John Paul and Angela Jill Lederach. When Blood and Bones Cry Out: Journeys Through the Soundscape of Healing and Reconciliation. New York: OUP, 2011.

Liechty, Joseph and Cecelia Clegg, Moving Beyond Sectarianism: Religion, Conflict, and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland. Dublin: Columba Press, 2001.

Liechty, Joseph. 'Putting Forgiveness in its Place: The Dynamics of Reconciliation', in David Tombs and Joseph Liechty, eds., Explorations in Reconciliation: New Directions in Theology, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2006.

MacGinty, Roger. International Peacebuilding and Local Resistance: Hybrid Forms of Peace, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

McKechnie-Glover, Margaret. 'Artists as Peace Activists'. In The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, edited by Nigel Young. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2010.

* Mitchell, Jolyon. Promoting Peace, Inciting Violence: The Role of Religion and Media. London and New York: Routledge, 2012.

Mitchell, Jolyon. Media Violence and Christian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Murphy, Andrew R. The Blackwell Companion to Religion and Violence. Oxford: Blackwell, 2010.

Naude, Piet J. Neither Calendar nor Clock. Perspectives on the Belhar Confession. Grand Rapids: W.B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2010.

Omer, Atalia; R. Scott Appleby and David Little, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Religion, Conflict, and Peacebuilding. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Pettan, Svanibor and Jeff Todd Titon, (editors), The Oxford Handbook of Applied Ethnomusicology. New York: Oxford University Press 2015.

Philpott, Daniel and Gerard Powers, Strategies of Peace. New York: OUP, 2010. Pontifical Commission for Justice and Peace, Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, London: Burns & Oates, 2012.

Powers, Gerard F. and Daniel Philpott, eds., Strategies of Peace: Transforming Conflict in a Violent World, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Ramsbotham, Oliver, Tom Woodhouse and Hugh Miall. Contemporary Conflict Resolution. 3rd Edn. London: Polity Press, 2011.

Redekop, Vern Neufeld. From Violence to Blessing: How an understanding of deep-rooted conflict can open paths to reconciliation. Ottawa: Editions Novalis, 2002.

Reychler, Luc, Thania Paffenholz. Eds. Peacebuilding: A Field Guide. Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.

Richmond, Oliver P., ed., Palgrave Advances in Peacebuilding: Critical Developments and Approaches. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Richmond, Oliver P., ed., The Transformation of Peace. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, (2005) 2007.

Richmond, Oliver. Peace: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Richmond, Oliver P. and Audra Mitchell, Hybrid Forms of Peace: From Everyday Agency to Post-Liberalism, (2012) 2016.

Robinson, Leah, Embodied Peacebuilding: Reconciliation as Practical Theology (Studies in Theology, Society and Culture) Oxford and Bern: Peter Lang, 2015.

Rolston, Bill. 'The War of the Walls: Political Murals in Northern Ireland'. Museum International 56: 3 (2004), 38-54.

Rolston, Bill. 'Re-Imaging: Mural Painting and the State in Northern Ireland'. International Journal of Cultural Studies 15: 5 (2012), 447-466.

Rolston, Bill. Drawing Support 4: Murals and Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland. Belfast, UK: Beyond the Pale Publications, 2013.

Schimmel, Solomon. Wounds not Healed by Time: The Power of Repentance and Forgiveness. Oxford: OUP, 2002.

Schreiter, Robert J., R. Scott Appleby and Gerard F. Powers, eds., Peacebuilding: Catholic Theology Ethics and Praxis. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2010.

Shore, Megan. Religion and Conflict Resolution: Christianity and South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Process. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2009.

Tombs, David, and Joseph Leichty, Explorations in Reconciliation: New Directions in Theology. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2006

Tolstoy, Leo, The Kingdom of God is Within You (1894)

* Volf, Miroslav. Exclusion and Embrace: A Theological Exploration of Identity, Otherness and Reconciliation. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1996.

Volf, Miroslav. The End of Memory: Remembering Rightly in a Violent World, Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans, 2006.

Yongbock, Kim, editor. Minjung Theology: People as the Subjects of History. Maryknoll: Orbis, 1984.
Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills - Gather, analyse, evaluate and critique evidence from a wide range of primary and secondary sources
- Organise and structure arguments and draw these together into a coherent conclusion in written and oral form
- Formulate a coherent written or oral presentation on the basis of material gathered and organised independently on a given topic
- Organise their own learning, manage workload and work to a timetable
- Effectively plan, and possess the confidence to undertake and to present scholarly work that demonstrates an understanding of the aims, methods and theoretical considerations relevant to students working in areas such as: Theology/Religious Studies and/or other relevant Arts/Humanities disciplines
KeywordsReligion,Peacebuilding,Visual Art,Literature,Film,Music,Theatre,Dance,Theology,Conflict
Course organiserProf Jolyon Mitchell
Tel: (0131 6)50 8922
Course secretaryMiss Rachel Dutton
Tel: (0131 6)50 7227
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