Undergraduate Course: Introduction to Lie Groups (MATH11053)
Course Outline
School  School of Mathematics 
College  College of Science and Engineering 
Credit level (Normal year taken)  SCQF Level 11 (Year 5 Undergraduate) 
Availability  Available to all students 
SCQF Credits  10 
ECTS Credits  5 
Summary  This course provides an introduction to Lie groups (the general object responsible for smooth symmetries) and Lie algebras (their infinitesimal counterpart). A particular focus will be on compact Lie groups, including a discussion of their structure theory and classification. 
Course description 
The concept of symmetry is omnipresent in modern mathematics. Lie groups are the abstract generators of continuous symmetries, which arise in many contexts in geometry and physics. Important examples are provided by matrix groups, but the subject is strictly larger. Lie groups also always have Lie algebras associated with them, which encode infinitesimal symmetries. This course begins with a broad introduction to Lie groups and Lie algebras, starting from classical matrix groups. It then focuses on compact Lie groups, discussing their structure and ending with a classification.
The course will cover:
Matrix groups, Matrix Lie algebras. Matrix exponentiation and BakerCampbellHausdorff formula.
SU(2) and SO (3)
Lie groups and associated Lie algebras. Adjoint actions. Lie subgroups and subalgebras. Coverings & quotients. Spin groups.
Semisimple Lie algebras.
Compact Lie groups and their complexification.
Maximal tori, roots, weight lattices. Center & fundamental group.
Haar measure for (compact) Lie group. Killing form.
Weyl groups.
Cartan matrix & Dynkin diagram.
Classification of Dynkin diagrams, classification of semisimple complex Lie algebras and compact connected Lie groups.

Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
Prerequisites 
Students MUST have passed:
Honours Algebra (MATH10069)

Corequisites  Students MUST also take:
Differential Geometry (MATH11235)

Prohibited Combinations  
Other requirements  Note that PGT students on School of Mathematics MSc programmes are not required to have taken prerequisite courses, but they are advised to check that they have studied the material covered in the syllabus of each prerequisite course before enrolling. 
Information for Visiting Students
Prerequisites  Visiting students are advised to check that they have studied the material covered in the syllabus of each prerequisite course before enrolling. 
High Demand Course? 
Yes 
Course Delivery Information

Academic year 2024/25, Available to all students (SV1)

Quota: None 
Course Start 
Semester 1 
Timetable 
Timetable 
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) 
Total Hours:
100
(
Lecture Hours 22,
Seminar/Tutorial Hours 5,
Summative Assessment Hours 2,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 2,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
69 )

Assessment (Further Info) 
Written Exam
80 %,
Coursework
20 %,
Practical Exam
0 %

Additional Information (Assessment) 
Coursework 20%. Examination 80%

Feedback 
Not entered 
Exam Information 
Exam Diet 
Paper Name 
Hours & Minutes 

Main Exam Diet S1 (December)  Introduction to Lie Groups (MATH11053)  2:00  
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
 Explain the basic structures of Lie groups and Lie algebras, and their various interplays.
 Derive the Lie algebra associated to a Lie group, in particular in the context of matrix groups.
 Indicate the particular structures arising for compact Lie groups, and illustrate these in basic examples.
 Use the classification of semisimple Lie algebras in terms of Dynkin diagrams.

Reading List
Mark R. Sepanski  Compact Lie Groups, Springer, Graduate Texts in Mathematics Volume 235. (available online through library).
Wulf Rossman  Lie Groups: An Introduction Through Linear Groups, Oxford.
Anthony W. Knapp  Lie Groups Beyond an Introduction, Birkhauser. 
Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills 
Not entered 
Keywords  ILG,Lie groups,Lie algebras,symmetry,geometry,Lie 
Contacts
Course organiser  Dr Pavel Safronov
Tel:
Email: p.safronov@ed.ac.uk 
Course secretary  Mr Martin Delaney
Tel: (0131 6)50 6427
Email: Martin.Delaney@ed.ac.uk 

