Undergraduate Course: Engineering Thermodynamics 2 (SCEE08006)
Course Outline
School  School of Engineering 
College  College of Science and Engineering 
Credit level (Normal year taken)  SCQF Level 8 (Year 2 Undergraduate) 
Availability  Available to all students 
SCQF Credits  10 
ECTS Credits  5 
Summary  This course first introduces the principles and methods of Classical Thermodynamics and the thermodynamic laws (first and second) in relation to familiar experience of equilibrium, work, heat, and amount of matter. The course shows how Equations of State calibrated on equilibrium data can lead to the identification of Thermodynamic Functions (Internal Energy, Enthalpy, Entropy, Gibbs Energy, Helmholtz Energy and Chemical Potential) and how these can be can be practically retrieved by using also other measurable thermodynamic quantities (specific heat capacity, expansivity and isothermal compressibility). This is delivered in the context of pure fluids and used to describe the performance of single reversible transformations, power generation and refrigeration cycles. 
Course description 
The following topics will be covered:
Systems
Equilibrium State
Thermodynamic Variables
Thermodynamic Data
PvT Surface
Pv Diagram
Concept of EoS and Ideal Gas EoS
NonIdeal Fluids and EoS
Quasistatic and Reversible Transformations
Internal Energy
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Path Functions, State Functions and Internal Energy in a Thermodynamic cycle
Useful Work and Enthalpy
Internal Energy and Enthalpy of an Ideal Gas
Specific Heat Capacities and Heat
Boundary Work and Useful Work in specific Thermodynamic transformations
2nd Law of Thermodynamics and Carnot cycle
Entropy and Clausius Inequality
The Thermodynamic EoS and Entropy Change of the Ideal Gas
Diagrams with Thermodynamic Potentials
Application of the Laws of Thermodynamics to Fluid Machinery  General Approach
Application of the Laws of Thermodynamics to Fluid Machinery  Turbine
Application of the Laws of Thermodynamics to Fluid Machinery  Compressor
Application of the Laws of Thermodynamics to Fluid Machinery  Fans and Pumps
Application of the Laws of Thermodynamics to Adiabatic Expansion Valves
Application of the Laws of Thermodynamics to Heat Transfer Equipment
Direct Gas Cycles: Otto Cycle and Diesel Cycle
Direct Gas Cycles: Brayton Cycle
Direct Vapour Cycles: Rankine and Hirn Cycles
Direct Vapour Cycles: Maximisation of the Hirn Cycle performance
Reverse Vapour Cycle
Fundamental Equation of Thermodynamics and additional Thermodynamic Potentials
Identities and Maxwell Relations for Thermodynamics from the Fundamental Eq of Thermodynamics (optional)
Change of Partial Derivative and Chain Rule (or Triple Product Rule) in Thermodynamics (optional)
General correlation between Heat Capacities
Relations for Changes in Thermodynamic Potentials in nonideal fluids with no change of composition
Chemical Potential and Gibbs Energy
Chemical Potential of the Ideal Gas and Ideal Gas Mixture

Information for Visiting Students
Prerequisites  None 
High Demand Course? 
Yes 
Course Delivery Information
Not being delivered 
Learning Outcomes
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
 Understand and apply basic thermodynamic concepts: thermodynamic systems, states, properties, functions, work, heat and amount of matter.
 Describe the significance of all essential thermodynamic functions.
 Represent thermodynamic processes, including power generation and refrigeration cycles on suitable diagrams and determine the indicators of performance typical of each system.
 Understand the deviations between ideal vs. real fluid and engineering systems.

Reading List
Essential:
Fermi, Enrico  Thermodynamics. Dover Publications, 1956.
ISBN: 9780486603612
Highly Recommended:
Kenneth Denbigh  The Principles of Chemical Equilibrium. Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139167604
Claus Borgnakke, Richard E. Sonntag  Fundamentals of Thermodynamics.
Wiley. ISBN: 9781119494966
Yunus A. Cengel, Michael A. Boles, Mehmet Kanoglu  Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach.
McGraw Hill. ISBN10: 1259822672;
ISBN13: 9781259822674 
Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills 
Not entered 
Keywords  SCEE08006,Thermodynamics,Engineering,Ideal gas,Equilibrium,Cycles,States,Equation of State 
Contacts
Course organiser  Dr Giulio Santori
Tel:
Email: G.Santori@ed.ac.uk 
Course secretary  Mr Mark Owenson
Tel: (0131 6)50 5533
Email: Mark.Owenson@ed.ac.uk 

