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DRPS : Course Catalogue : School of Engineering : Civil

Undergraduate Course: Hydraulic Engineering 4 (CIVE10006)

Course Outline
School School of Engineering College College of Science and Engineering
Course type Standard Availability Available to all students
Credit level (Normal year taken) SCQF Level 10 (Year 4 Undergraduate) Credits 10
Home subject area Civil Other subject area None
Course website None Taught in Gaelic? No
Course description This course is intended to develop the theoretical concepts of unsteady flow in pipes and open channels.
Entry Requirements
Pre-requisites Students MUST have passed: Fluid Mechanics (Civil) 3 (CIVE09014)
Prohibited Combinations Other requirements None
Additional Costs None
Information for Visiting Students
Pre-requisites A clear understanding of steady open channel flow hydraulics and steady flow in pressure pipes and pipe networks; an engineering/mathematical background.
Displayed in Visiting Students Prospectus? Yes
Course Delivery Information
Delivery period: 2010/11 Semester 1, Available to all students (SV1) WebCT enabled:  Yes Quota:  None
Location Activity Description Weeks Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
King's BuildingsLecture1-11 09:00 - 10:50
King's BuildingsTutorial1-11 09:00 - 09:50
First Class Week 1, Tuesday, 09:00 - 10:50, Zone: King's Buildings. Lecture Theatre 1, Sanderson Building
Exam Information
Exam Diet Paper Name Hours:Minutes Stationery Requirements Comments
Main Exam Diet S1 (December)Hydraulic Engineering 42:0012 sidesExam must take place in a computer laboratory with standard PC configuration
Summary of Intended Learning Outcomes
By the end of the course the student should be able to:
demonstrate a knowledge of the application of the principles of continuity and momentum to pipe flow;
understand solution of the equations of unsteady pipe flow by the method of characteristics, including finite difference approaches;
incorporate a range of boundary conditions in unsteady pipe-flow problems;
analyse unsteady flow problems in simple pipe networks;
analyse problems of mass oscillation and surge tank design;
demonstrate a knowledge of the derivation of the St Venant equations, and their range of applicability;
demonstrate a knowledge of appropriate simplifications to the St Venant equations and of circumstances under which these might be used;
understand the basics of flood routing and unsteady gradually varied flow;
analyse simple rapidly varied unsteady flow problems;
analyse a simple dam break problem;
understand the solution, to first-order accuracy, of rapidly varied channel-flow and dam break problems by the method of characteristics; and
analyse sediment transport problems in river and beach environment, in relation to morphological changes of river bed and beach profiles.
Assessment Information
The assessment will be made on the basis of:
Degree examination 100%. This will take place in a computing lab.
Special Arrangements
Additional Information
Academic description Not entered

L1 Unsteady Flow in Pipes
Revision of pipe flow basics. Introduction to unsteady flow and pressure surge.

L2 Compressible Flow in Pipes
Derivation of compressible flow equations. Introduction to PDEs and Method of Characteristics.

L3 Method of Characteristics for Pipe Flow
Derivation of characteristic equations for pipe flows. Finite difference solutions.

L4 Pipe Boundary Conditions and Surge Protection
Boundary conditions for pipe systems with valves and reservoirs. Bifurcations. Surge protection

L5 Surge Tank Design and Unsteady Flow in Open Channels
Design of surge tanks with governing. Revision of basics of open channel flow. Derivation of St Venant Equations.

L6 Unsteady Gradually Varied Open Channel Flow
Routing methods $˙ reservoir, Muskingum, Kinematic Wave, full dynamic solution of equations.

L7 Rapidly Varied Open Channel Flow
Surges in open channel flow.

L8 Method of Characteristics in Open Channel Flow
Derivation of Method of Characteristics. Appliation to postitive and negative surges.

L9 Dam Break Phenomena and Introduction to Sediment Transport
Definition of dam break and application of Method of Characteristics. Introduction to sediment transport.

L10 Sediment Transport Equations
Shields equation, Einstein-Brown approach, Bagnold and Ackers and White approaches.


T1 Unsteady Flow in Pipe Systems

T2 Surge Tanks

T3 Flood Routing

T4 Rapidly Varied Flow in Open Channels

T5 Method of Characteristics in Open Channel Flow

T6 Dam Break Phenomena

T7 Sediment Transport

Verbal feedback on tutorials on student&ęs request.
Transferable skills Not entered
Reading list Chadwick, Morfett and Borthwick, Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering, 4th edition, SPON Press 2004.
Study Abroad Not entered
Study Pattern Not entered
Keywords Unsteady Flow; Open Channels; Pipes
Course organiser Dr Martin Crapper
Tel: (0131 6)50 5727
Course secretary Mrs Kim Orsi
Tel: (0131 6)50 5687
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