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DRPS : Course Catalogue : School of Engineering : Civil

Undergraduate Course: Fire Dynamics Laboratory 5 (CIVE11023)

Course Outline
School School of Engineering College College of Science and Engineering
Course type Standard Availability Available to all students
Credit level (Normal year taken) SCQF Level 11 (Year 5 Undergraduate) Credits 10
Home subject area Civil Other subject area None
Course website None Taught in Gaelic? No
Course description This module consists of a series of laboratory sessions that will introduce the student to a variety of different experimental techniques used in fire safety engineering. Each session will be introduced with a guide to relevant theory with the aim of providing the students with the fundamental knowledge to support understanding and interpretation of the experiments, as well as a safety briefing and guide to risk assessment. The use of standard tests and the application of the results to design will be emphasized.
Entry Requirements
Pre-requisites Students MUST have passed: Fire Science and Fire Dynamics 4 (CIVE10011)
Prohibited Combinations Other requirements None
Additional Costs None
Information for Visiting Students
Pre-requisites None
Displayed in Visiting Students Prospectus? Yes
Course Delivery Information
Delivery period: 2010/11 Semester 2, Available to all students (SV1) WebCT enabled:  Yes Quota:  None
Location Activity Description Weeks Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
King's BuildingsLaboratory1-11 14:00 - 17:00
King's BuildingsLaboratory1-11 10:00 - 10:50
First Class Week 1, Tuesday, 14:00 - 17:00, Zone: King's Buildings. Fire Lab
No Exam Information
Summary of Intended Learning Outcomes
By the end of the course the student should be able to demonstrate
* advanced understanding of ignition (solid and liquid/gaseous)
* advanced understanding of burning rate and flame spread
* understanding of oxygen consumption calorimetry
* advanced understanding of fire dynamics, including fire plumes and compartment fires
Assessment Information
The assessment will based on coursework submissions (100%).
Special Arrangements
Additional Information
Academic description Not entered
Labs: Titles & Contents

Ignition (4 hours)
- Two laboratory demonstrations will be conducted to illustrate the different processes leading to ignition of combustible materials. The first demonstration is intended to provide insight on ignition and the second one to illustrate the use of ignition to establish flammability criteria.
- First Laboratory
- Application of ignition theory
- Piloted, Auto and Spontaneous ignition
- Second Laboratory
- Flash point/fire point
- Physical processes and Standard tests

Flame Spread (2 hours)
- The physical mechanisms controlling flame spread will be described on the basis of a laboratory demonstration. The demonstration will emphasize the following aspects:
- Materials properties: influence of a material thermal and chemical properties on the rate of spread (liquid:solid, high density:low density, charring: non-charring, melting:non-melting)
- Orientation: upward, downward, horizontal, lateral.
- External heat flux
- Fuel thickness: thick:thin matrials.

Burning Rate (4 hours)
- The evolution of the burning rate as a function of different parameters will be established. Emphasis will be given to pool fires. Empirical and analytical formulations will be validated. The concept of the mass transfer number will be studied. The relationship between burning rate and the following parameters will be emphasized:
- Fire Size
- Flame Height
- Entrainment Rate
- The effect of wind

Extinction (2 hours)
- Four mechanisms of extinction will be studied: chemical (cup-burner test), strain (counter-flow burner), temperature reduction (quenching experiments) and mass transfer number (gas burner).

Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry (2 hours)
- The principles of oxygen consumption calorimetry will be illustrated through demonstrations using:
- The Cone Calorimeter
- The Intermediate Scale Calorimeter

Compartment Fires (2hours)
- The influence of a compartment on the burning characteristics of different materials will be studied by means of a small-scale compartment fire demonstration. Calculations related to the following elements will be conducted and compared with the experiments:
- Smoke Layers
- Vents
- Flashover
- Backdraught
- Fully developed fires

Detection (Smoke Box Experiments) (2 hours)
- The performance of different smoke detector technologies will be evaluated in a smoke box and using different fuels and burning modes.
Transferable skills Not entered
Reading list Introduction to Fire Dynamics, (Second Edition)
Dougal Drysdale
John Wiley and Sons, 1998
Study Abroad Not entered
Study Pattern Not entered
Keywords Not entered
Course organiser Dr Stephen Welch
Tel: (0131 6)50 5734
Course secretary Mrs Laura Smith
Tel: (0131 6)50 5690
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