Postgraduate Course: Environmental Valuation (PGGE11223)
|School||School of Geosciences
||College||College of Science and Engineering
|Credit level (Normal year taken)||SCQF Level 11 (Postgraduate)
||Availability||Not available to visiting students
|Summary||The purpose of this course is to provide students with a largely comprehensive introduction to the economic valuation of environmental resources and policies. The course will cover both key elements of economic theory that are needed to understand the methodologies covered, and an introduction to the analysis of data. The methods covered are of direct relevance to policy formulation, ecosystem service valuation, and cost-benefit analysis, though students will be encouraged to pursue reading on the theme of most interest to them.
By the end of the course, students will have insight into what economic valuation methods exist, the theory on which they rely, what form the data collected for these methods takes, and how data analysis can be conducted across a range of methods. This course will prepare students to pursue several paths, including each of the following: further development of environmental valuation skills and their application within cost-benefit analysis (or potentially multi-criteria analysis), the study of non-economic concepts and forms of value, critiquing the use of valuation methods, and the development of dissertations featuring environmental valuation.
Week 1 . Introduction to Course
This session will introduce students the course, and how it will be run. It will also introduce students to the concept of economic valuation, and why it is important for them to learn about it.
Week 2. Market valuation of environmental resources
This session will introduce what economic values are and focus on markets, how they function, and on the contexts where market data is useful for valuing environmental resources.
Week 3. Introduction to R
This session will provide and introduction to the R software and do some practical exercises in R.
Week 4. Travel Cost Method
This session will be dedicated to understanding of TCM. A large part of the session will be a practical: the analysis of a travel cost model.
Week 5. Contingent Valuation Method and formative review
The main aim of the session is the introduction of the contingent valuation method (CVM) and CVM data analysis. The last hour will be used for a discussion of structure and quality of journal papers (┐formative review┐).
Week 6. Choice Experiments I
This session will focus on the preparation of a choice experiment survey instrument to be delivered by students during the week.
Week 7. Choice Experiments II
This session will focus on the analysis of choice experiment data in preparation for the essay.
Week 8. Benefits Transfer
Students will learn about the pros and cons of different ways of conducting benefits transfer , conduct examples of simple transfers and be introduced to meta-analysis.
Week 9. Valuation in countries with developing economies
This session will focus on the role of valuation in countries with developing economies, with a special emphasis on policy applications.
Week 10. Non-Monetary Valuation
This session will summarise current literature and explore non-monetary valuation methods.
Week 11. Deliberative Valuation
This session will introduce and explore the concept of deliberation with respect to valuation.
Week 12. Critical appraisal of Valuation and Q&A Session on Capstone Project
This session summarizes some of the main lines of arguments for and against valuation to assist students in forming their own position on whether and when valuation is useful and needed. There will be an opportunity for students to get final clarification regarding their capstone project and any other issues/questions that have arisen from the course.
Entry Requirements (not applicable to Visiting Students)
||Other requirements|| None
|Additional Costs|| No
Course Delivery Information
|Academic year 2019/20, Not available to visiting students (SS1)
|Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info)
Lecture Hours 48,
Feedback/Feedforward Hours 3,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
|Assessment (Further Info)
|No Exam Information
On completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Understand key features of (and the primary elements of economic theory behind) the most common environmental valuation methods used in economic analyses.
- Have acquired foundational skills in the analysis of environmental valuation data in R.
- Understand how the methods covered in class have been applied to policy areas of individual interest.
- Have authored mini - journal articles, demonstrating data analysis and interpretation skills.
- Have a solid basis for understanding and judging the quality of environmental valuation methods as applied by others in various contexts.
|Students will be given specific packets of introductory reading to do before each class. Some of this reading may take the form of tutorial booklets, and some of this reading will take the form of book chapters or journal articles. The use of pre-reading will facilitate the use of class time for looking at data and data analysis|
Additionally, and for reference, the following companion text books are relevant for students to consult
Pricing Nature by Hanley and Barbier, available as an e book through the SRUC library
Economic Valuation using Stated Preference Methods: a manual by Bateman et al
A good, slightly more technical introduction into non-market valuation methods:
A Primer on Nonmarket Valuation by PA Champ, KJ Boyle and TC Brown
R will be introduced briefly but this course does not provide systematic learning of R as a tool for statistical analysis. Many introductions to R can be found as pdfs on the web or are available as books. Students may also try free, brief introductory online courses such as https://www.codeschool.com/courses/try-r . The students will be able to follow the analysis in R through tutorials, and are encouraged to use this as a foundation to familiarising themselves with R
. In addition to the assigned pre-class readings, students will be required to consult peer-reviewed journal articles for their assignment and capstone project. Students are responsible for finding these journal articles and will also be responsible for balancing the reading of these articles with the required pre-class reading. It is recommended that students read about these methods throughout the course.
|Graduate Attributes and Skills
||Students will gain a semester of working in R
for data analysis
- Critiquing the quality of peer-reviewed studies
- Conducting and writing up the analysis of primary quantitative data
- Production of original, written arguments
- Linking primary research to policy questions/decision contexts
|Keywords||Ecological Economics,Ecosystem Services,Environmental Valuation
|Course organiser||Dr Paula Novo Nunez
Tel: (0131) 535 4037
|Course secretary||Mrs Elspeth Martin
Tel: 0131 535 4198