Undergraduate Course: Physics of the Earth (EASC08016)
Course Outline
School  School of Geosciences 
College  College of Science and Engineering 
Credit level (Normal year taken)  SCQF Level 8 (Year 2 Undergraduate) 
Availability  Available to all students 
SCQF Credits  20 
ECTS Credits  10 
Summary  A comprehensive introduction to the physics of the Earth, concentrating on earthquake and controlledsource seismology, physical geodesy and the Earth's gravity field, and geomagnetism and geoelectricity. The course emphasises interpretation and understanding using the techniques of physics and mathematics. 
Course description 
Lectures Mondays 12:1013:00 AND Fridays 13:1014:00
Part 1: Seismology: vibrations, waves and earthquakes (Mark Naylor)
L1. Basic elasticity: stress & strain tensors, elastic moduli
L2. Elastic waves: derivation of the 1D wave equation for plane P and S waves
L3. Seismic refraction: twolayer problem for flat and dipping layers
L4. Seismic refraction: linear velocity change, Ray Tracing, Travel Time Curves
L5. Seismic recording: basic principles of the mechanical seismometer
L6. Seismic reflection: calculation of reflection coefficient at normal incidence
L7. The convolution model for a seismogram
L8. Seismic attenuation: geometric spreading, anelastic attenuation, and scattering
Part 2: Electricity and Magnetism (Wyn Williams)
L9. Fundamental units in magnetism and electricity
L10. The geomagnetic field; The magnetic field of a dipole; Multipole and spherical harmonic representation of the geomagnetic field
L11. Introduction to hydromagnetic dynamos
L12. Geomagnetic instrumentation and design
L13. Solarterrestrial interactions of the geomagnetic field
L14. Telluric currents and the conductivity structure of the Earth.
L15. EM methods of prospecting
L16. Magnetic properties of rocks
Part 3: Gravity (Kathy Whaler)
L17. Gravity and the gravitational constant, G
L18. The geopotential
L19. Theory of the reference Earth model
L20. Earth's gravity field
L21. Interpretation: theory
L22 Interpretation: modelling
Tutorials Wednesdays 11:1012:00
Seismology: Weeks 2,3,4,5
Electricity and Magnetism: Weeks 6,8
Gravity: Weeks 10,11
Practical Sessions Tuesdays 14:1017:00
P1. Seismograms: first motions and earthquake focal mechanisms (Wk1: Formative)
P2. Seismograms: seismic phases, traveltime curves, and earthquake location (Wk4: Assessed)
P3. EM survey interpretation (Wk7: Assessed)
P4. Interpreting gravity and magnetic anomalies (Wk10: Assessed)

Information for Visiting Students
Prerequisites  See above 
High Demand Course? 
Yes 
Course Delivery Information

Academic year 2015/16, Available to all students (SV1)

Quota: 20 
Course Start 
Semester 2 
Timetable 
Timetable 
Learning and Teaching activities (Further Info) 
Total Hours:
200
(
Lecture Hours 22,
Seminar/Tutorial Hours 10,
Supervised Practical/Workshop/Studio Hours 9,
Feedback/Feedforward Hours 3,
Summative Assessment Hours 3,
Programme Level Learning and Teaching Hours 4,
Directed Learning and Independent Learning Hours
149 )

Assessment (Further Info) 
Written Exam
70 %,
Coursework
30 %,
Practical Exam
0 %

Additional Information (Assessment) 
Written Exam: 70%, Course Work: 30 %, Practical Exam: 0%.
The exam consists of a single 3hr written paper in Apr/May.
Past exam papers: http://tinyurl.com/qe4xoxd
The coursework consists of three reports based on 3 of the Practicals (see below), each contributing 10% to the overall mark. The reports should not exceed 1500 words.

Feedback 
The tutorials are an opportunity to get feedback on exam relevant questions. You will get the most out of these by attempting the questions in advance. They are available on learn.
In the first week there is a formative Practical, which will be marked and the results returned to you prior to the handin of the second assessment ¿ which contributes to your mark. You will have the opportunity to get individual feedback on the first report in a meeting with the CO, Mark Naylor.
Further subject specific questions can be directed towards the relevant lecturers and/or the demonstrators.

Exam Information 
Exam Diet 
Paper Name 
Hours & Minutes 

Main Exam Diet S2 (April/May)   3:00   Resit Exam Diet (August)   3:00  
Learning Outcomes
At the end of this course, you should have a broad, comprehensive overview of the physical processes operating in the solid Earth and its core and a quantitative understanding of the principles of the geophysical techniques by which this information is derived. You will also have gained practical experience and understanding of geophysical exploration techniques and how observations can be interpreted. These practical sessions will give you experience of carrying out routine lines of enquiry into professional level problems. You will be able to critically evaluate evidence based solutions to these problems. The assessed scientific report and degree exams will give you practise conveying complex information to a range of audiences for a range of purposes which is a valuable transferable skill.

Reading List
Recommended purchase:
Lowrie, W., 1997. Fundamentals of Geophysics, Cambridge Univ. Press.
Additional texts where funding allows:
Kearey, P.K., 1991. An introduction to Geophysical Exploration, Blackwell.
Stein S. and M. Wysession, 2003. Introduction to seismology, earthquakes and Earth structure, Blackwell. (Recommended purchase for those continuing to honours in geophysical subjects).
Shearer, P. 1999. Introduction to Seismology, Cambridge University Press.
Reference texts:
Fowler, C.M.R., 2005. The Solid earth: an introduction to Global Geophysics, Cambridge University Press.
Mussett, A. and A. Khan, 2000. Looking into the Earth, Cambridge University Press.
All of these are available in the reserve collection of the KB library.

Additional Information
Graduate Attributes and Skills 
Quantitative analysis, report writing, science communication. 
Additional Class Delivery Information 
Two hours lecture plus 1 hour tutorial per week for 11 week(s), and four 3hour practical classes (weeks and times to be confirmed, starting week 2). 
Keywords  PoE 
Contacts
Course organiser  Dr Mark Naylor
Tel: (0131 6)50 4918
Email: Mark.Naylor@ed.ac.uk 
Course secretary  Mrs Nicola Muir
Tel: (0131 6)50 4842
Email: Nikki.Muir@ed.ac.uk 

